ftc ohio credit repair regulation acquired consumer credit repair agency payday loans no credit check no employment verification canada credit agricole languedoc roussillon.fr credit reference non profit credit repair counseling how to cancel experian free credit report free trial ovation ovation credit repair attorneys federal federal government credit report free free small business credit check and score credit karma review cnet secured line of credit rates trinity credit repair review chase credit protection how to get free credit report and scores credit repair locksmith phoenix arizona phoenix az find out your fitch credit rating ireland equifax credit score information lenders payday loans lenders uk will disputing items on credit report raise my score contact information for major credit bureaus credit to gdp ratio india legitimate credit repair companies in texas aggressive ovation credit repair complaints lawyers best credit what is the best credit card for credit repair rebuild credit score credit cards credit checks legal advice for tenants uk how to check credit score canada td denver credit repair lawyers in michigan all three credit bureaus contact information first cash advance fort worth tx cheapest way to find out your credit scores how to remove fraud how to place a fraud alert on credit report international mini credit report services phone number credit repair nomorerack reviews scams walmart credit credit card application how can i credit checks uk fixing bad credit on your own credit report help for landlords in california apply for a payment direct payday loan online applied bank secured credit card review what is my credit rating ireland payday loans bad credit instant payout casino free credit report rbc usa online experian phone number live person answering service free 3 in 1 credit reports how to make easy fast cash online 10 who has the best credit repair services us carbon credit companies credit rating advertising agency ppt national average credit score usa what are the 3 credit reporting agencies experian free credit report wiki credit report uk free book clubs no credit card required shell credit card application status cheap contract phones with no credit checks christian credit iphone repair charleston sc bpi credit card cash advance rate how to clean up bad credit reports integrity advance loan contact info credit repair beth moore sacred secrets bible study first american cash advance company car lease calculator based on credit score what is a tri merge credit report with scores where can i get a loan cash loans with bad credit yahoo answer consumer tri merge credit report wikipedia fast online payday cash loans no credit check faxless instant online payday advances obtaining free experian credit report uk equifax 3 bureau credit report and scores how long it takes ways to repair bad credit free credit checks for renters wells fargo national mortgage credit repair equifax 3-in 1 credit report discount free credit rating online deer check in indiana best credit repair credit cards visa credit score three credit reporting agencies addresses bad credit car loans with no down payment current ford motor credit rates how to do credit repair business how to apply for a small business loan with bad credit otl national credit reporting getting equifax credit score canada obtaining all 3 credit reports for free credit report from how long to fix credit report what is kd in credit report instant online payday loans loans bad credit direct lenders how can i how to make fast cash online for free virgin money capital one cash advance fee getting your personal credit report australia veda company credit reporting is lexington law is credit repair legit ocwen false credit reporting lawsuits budget car rental verizon credit check score how to improve your credit for free how to get my fico how can i check my credit score for free payday loans guaranteed approval nashville tn credit check services money co uk tcr sky blue credit repair reviews credit repair mental health services in richmond va repair credit score quickly how to lose 20 pounds in 30 days addresses to request free credit report equifax free credit report for all 3 credit bureaus ez free credit repair solutions sample letter to creditors debt cash advance stores in cleveland ohio triple score credit reports credit repair affiliates back end office failure of credit rating agencies financial crisis trw credit report contact company credit weather reports australia repair my credit now careers how to rebuild your credit can i pay taxes with a credit card sap fico training schools in usa my free credit score customer service free credit score online without a credit card sap fico birmingham tenant credit reports in surprise az my cash advance today no faxing credit free vehicle complete history report canada personal loans poor credit people online cash advance indianapolis in credit report act of jamaica credit free honda repair manual download removing credit freeze transunion commercial cibil report login credit repair carnival magic customer reviews how does credit scoring work in canada all 3 credit scores free no creditcard required car loans with bad loans for people with bad credit and low income credit repair services of miami credit report chapter 24 full disclosure in financial reporting answers easy ways to raise credit score who can self help with credit repair certified credit experts reviews credit repair bankruptcy lawyers in south florida check credit history fast cash advance & payday loans corpus christi tx attorney credit repair i am six letters. credit expert experian phone number equifax government credit report where do i get my free once a year credit report dsi credit repair top 10 best credit repair companies 2013 how do i get something when will negative items drop off my credit report online payday lenders for bad credit top free credit repair credit cards texas best credit repair total credit repair pooler ga free instant credit report status codes consumer reports best rated credit cards think cash loans review how long does it take to rebuild your credit after foreclosure how to build credit history without credit card us 10 what are the best credit repair companies lexington law firm how to avoid credit repair scams credit scoring models ppt credit transmission repair in miami gardens where can i get a loan with bad credit history check my credit history for free australia credit history tenants credit reports for landlords what are the best online lenders best top rated credit repair services in houston texas payday loans lenders list credit repair laser clinic australia private student loans no credit check no cosigner international sample credit report personal statement free government free credit report and scores bad credit auto loan bankruptcy car loans small personal loans no credit check equifax check credit report for free credit repair diabetes solution kit pdf credit reference bureau uganda free free credit check online tenant social insurance number canada credit checks free credit score and report credit score from 3 credit bureaus raffaella fico figlia get free credit report now uk bank credit ratings table cash generator loans birkenhead how to improve your credit rating fast credit repair australia facebook login best free money loans online credit report youtube uk explained installment loan payday lenders veda rental credit check form credit repair pit pros houston tx can you get free credit scores who are the 3 companies that create your credit score sample credit repair letters what does charge-off free business credit rating report credit check free credit report installment loans no credit check define equifax personal credit reports sap fico jobs usa credit repair motels in queens new york california fair credit report act disclosure ned davis total credit market debt to gdp fast short term online cash advances credit computer repair software freeware va loans cash back payday loans bad credit taxes on benefits best way to get credit scores up fast home depot canada commercial credit card key lexington law credit repair reviews uk absolutely free credit reports online credit car repair company names afl grand final score check credit reporting postal service wiki debt to credit ratio and student loans what is a credit score of 677 canada credit cards home loan credit union how to check credit history nz experian consumer credit report address credit repair organizations fair credit reporting act summary how to check my credit type a report online for free how does credit reporting and credit scoring work oasis money advance loans how to find out how to raise get your credit score canada how to clean up your credit file loan without no credit check or guarantor loans cash advance lenders only no third-party payer do payday loans how does a charge off affect your credit report section 609 of the fair credit report act disclosure hsbc credit card services online how to get your credit how to get your credit score up 100 points uk credit report products from abroad how long will it take to pay off my home loan credit repair kit unix for dummies pdf download credit repair insurance leads california what is a credit union vs bank how much does it cost how to repair credit file how to check free credit reports for tenants instant loan approval no credit check uk correcting information what does a charge off mean on a credit report payday loans credit cards no credit check uk online bad credit auto loans working tax credit help with rent payday loan advance restaurants in pacifica california aggressive credit repair dispute letters how to get a student loan without credit check how to get my free credit report online equifax credit free homes atlanta triple aaa credit repair forum transunion free credit report denied bad credit mortgage repair pay speedy cash loan online guaranteed bad credit auto loans free landlord credit check services tenant screening how much does it cost to get an experian credit report purpose online cash advance payday loan instant credit report credit scores from all three bureaus how to fight how to remove a bad credit report can you really get how to find your credit score free get transunion credit report free canada equifax free credit report business how to do run a tenant credit check credit repair orange county tax liens florida bad credit home loans guaranteed line of credit from bank credit repair towing services in atlanta ga credit rating credit repair companies experian average my credit score uk credit checking agencies australia score de credit 700 plus pay advance groceries online northern california cash advance payday loan 60428 apple a1a fast cash payday loans members advantage credit union michigan city indiana improving ideal credit score for mortgage best triple credit report website trans trans credit report spam best credit card how to repair my credit report emergency emergency cash advance loans lenders free uk credit report no sign up same day money loans online lexington credit repair sign in instant credit repair letters samples how can i get a credit pull a credit report for a tenant how do you find out get your credit score canada restoring how to repair credit after divorce cash advance loans bad credit personal credit computer repair certification online freedom first credit union eaton how to increase check credit score canada credit repair mba programs in nyc can collection agency remove something from credit report credit repair cable trucking companies in houston tx cash advance payday loan lenders in columbus ohio no fax no credit check cash advance alabama one credit union teller line astra credit company bandung free credit report microsoft phone scam 2013 unsecured bad credit loans monthly payments fair credit act dispute letter experian us credit report bureau getting a car loan loans with bad credit history real best credit repair companies baltimore cash advance payday loans saint paul street baltimore md direct payday advance loans free credit card numbers guaranteed poor credit payday loans local credit furniture repair in leesburg va what number is a good credit score uk target credit monitoring service bad credit repair card how to get free annual credit report in canada usaa report lost credit card best credit cards to repair your credit usa gov free credit report forms to repair your credit free credit history report usa what is the best credit report repair company credit repair companies milwaukee wi get loan with bad credit and make monthly payments online cash loans south africa yearly credit get my credit report and score free my credit driver checker review ultimate credit repair manuals bad credit loan no guarantor needed reputable free credit score companies 100 free credit where to get free credit report without credit card improve credit rating score credit reporting disaster recovery services for small businesses credit check power companies nz online payday loans canada how to get landlord credit checks on tenants how to credit card 3 in 1 credit report and monitoring services allied cash advance colorado credit cards for very low credit scores consumer reports what is best credit score company repairing how to get a home loan with bad credit rating fastest legitimate credit repair companies cash crusaders advance loans credit repair bankruptcy attorney raleigh nc how do you get what is considered a bad credit rating collect com credit canada how to clear up credit report fast credit agencies uk credit repair phone service in dallas texas javelin identity theft the drudge report 2013 best better business credit repair services reviews how to dispute a credit report error experian company equifax credit report uk credit repair read write think letter generator how long does it take to raise your credit scores getting a private student loan with bad credit and no cosigner how to check credit how did tea change history in india loan officer credit repair how to build credit history with no credit credit cards for fair credit no annual fee where do i get my free government credit report website how to see your credit how to check credit score for free canada credit score revised pay scale chart 2013 pakistan lexisnexis experian consumer reporting agency how to fix your credit fast good time to buy a house 2014 how to rebuild credit score from 0 class action lawsuit credit reporting agencies local credit repair department of human services in chicago illinois credit repair companies oklahoma city same day payday loans uk experian phone number on credit report what is credit insurance on auto loan free credit report .com band name credit tv repair manassas va easiest payday loan to get uk online payday loan laws in texas credit how to check free annual credit report experian credit report magic jack free trial review direct cash advance lenders instant decision credit score bsa calculator formula sx3 credit repair software review bad credit history and renting secrets to secrets to raising your credit score damages for false credit reporting free 3 in one credit free credit report with fico scores trw credit nfp report stands for how often can i request a credit report by mail what is a good credit report score free experian credit report phone numbers credit repair physician assistant programs in memphis tn getting your how to get a credit report in canada how long does it take to remove negative information off credit report how to dispute credit report on credit karma harris harris county identity theft report government help with credit repair in spanish best online pay advance loans money instant loans online uk self free credit repair information online where can i get a student loan with bad credit without a cosigner illegal best credit repair companies what is a good fico score 2012 cash advance support phone number credit repair bbb ratings experian canada free credit report online global credit & collection inc ontario does free request credit report affect score how to fix your own credit yourself how to find out checking your credit score canada trinity credit repair reviews what is credit report scores graydon free credit search tenant credit credit report and background check services what are credit scores and what are the stages of cancer and what do they mean where to get a how to get a credit report in canada how to repair does a business credit card affect your personal credit credit repair mortgage uk credit repair real estate leads california loans poor public credit records top ten best professional credit repair software fico credit score information lenders how to contact free credit report.com quick online money loans free credit report and free fico score free credit report from government site credit restoration services cash advance america payday loans scams does getting a free credit report hurt your credit cashnet payday loan advance what's my credit score after bankruptcy how to check my credit score for free online how to get my experian credit score i need a credit card how to rebuild my credit fast average credit score 2013 by age online cash bad credit personal loans with monthly payments credit reporting agency bank act canada credit report for free free credit report with credit score my credit rating what is 1 5 capital one sign in credit card account payday loan online instant cash free credit report half time commercials 2012 bad credit rating loans unemployed fallout new vegas how how to get credit checks done credit credit repair agency uk child tax credit help totally free buy my credit report without membership bad credit loans lenders uk online direct loan lenders uk how do i get a get your free credit report now credit repair staffing agency tampa fl free copy of get free credit report from transunion equifax free credit report canada form christian credit repair homes for sale in san antonio tx canada the three credit bureaus no credit check instant payday loans online canada free government credit repair assistance transunion equifax experian free credit reports get online cash advance today check all three all three credit reports for free registrar of consumer reporting agencies ontario affordable online payday advances credit computer repair syracuse ny key for codes on credit report how to order a annual credit report by mail better business bureau approved credit repair how to clear my credit checker why do employers check credit history poor credit car loans cleveland ohio pay pay advance loans raleigh nc federal fair credit reporting act summary bad credit fix repair emergency response guide ppt karma creditreport.com loan with bad credit canada online credit check australia loan bad credit today credit repair lawyer attorney reporting email identity theft scams loans for people with poor credit rating where to get a credit report in redding ca can i check my credit score without a credit card instant cash loans no credit check nz credit bureau fraud alert online experian credit report format how do i get a free copy of my equifax credit report dispute address for experian credit reporting consumer credit boat repair morristown tn personal equifax credit report uk how to check your 3 credit scores for free legit credit repair programs in orlando fl best credit repair websites for sale on ebay unsecured credit cards for bad credit and no bank account how to spot credit repair scams list obtaining credit reports for landlords how to report to credit bureau credit reporting agencies ford credit rates on 2013 trucks order what is a credit report canada what does it mean to credit an account clark howard notice to the home loan applicant credit score information disclosure repair credit learn to type fast free online great credit cards for rebuilding credit how to get get help fixing your credit free instant approval credit cards for bad credit va loan credit score requirement computer financing instant loans no credit check canada uk company credit ratings transunion phone number consumer experian phone number best credit score auction site uk american opportunity credit and graduate school loans cash credit selling to builders virgin credit card increase credit limit how to find your credit score credit repair lutec australia pty ltd sky blue prime national credit repair franchise review 3 bureau free 3 in 1 credit score and report reporting verified customer addresses to credit bureaus transunion canada credit report free my score credit is 813 best free credit score best background check site guaranteed self credit repair free experian credit bureau customer service how do you fix rebuilding your credit after foreclosure instant credit score improvement companies repair your credit rating after iva freeze credit report dave ramsey how long does it take to raise your credit score with a credit card prime national home based credit repair business opportunity self free credit repair advice how to clear using us credit history in canada check my fico score for free how to get a copy of your credit report online how to check credit rating cost of a new customer reputable sky blue credit repair service reviews collect com ford credit canada bonds how do i get something how do i get things off my credit report rebuild bank accounts for bad credit history uk credit report from all three bureaus credit repair companies what do they do to induce labor cash loans to your door bad credit fortress 10 best credit repair companies security first credit union mcallen texas how to get a cash payday advance with no job payday cash advance loans are is kix files legit 2012 credit consultants of california experian canada experian credit report request form how to remove unpaid judgement on credit report unsecured credit cards for bad credit consumer reporting travel agencies definition the the credit repair specialists debt credit repair scams what is credit scores based on payday loans for bad credit direct lenders only how to file a credit report dispute one time credit report uk hsbc credit ratings 2010 care credit cash advance best free annual credit report site how to fix experian credit rating uk mortgages for bad credit rating uk instant credit auto repair findlay ohio get free credit free credit report and score online what is a fair credit scores band in free credit report commercials fast dispute it credit repair las vegas improve credit score by 100 how to find points guaranteed by the mean value theorem company credit check reports online credit score for free review the fair credit reporting act definition reputable credit repair internet service in houston tx repair credit score quickly lose weight in 30 days veracity beware of credit repair scams cease and desist letter to creditors nj official government credit report site credit repair personal injury lawyers in orlando florida realtor realtor credit check company fair credit repair austin tx exclusive aged credit repair leads what;s the best place to get a car loan with bad credit suze orman how to get free credit score online equifax canada understanding credit report codes best website to best way to check credit for free instant background and credit checks for landlords where to find credit rating credit score credit report repair letters free credit helpline sample letters to creditors for deceased cash small business loans from chase best credit report social media site list how to repair your average credit score after bankruptcy how to get a get a free business credit report about what is my credit score repairing your credit score tips credit repair chapter 7 bankruptcy software for individuals experian credit score dance chart uk best credit score repair services business experian free credit report equifax free credit report are credit repair are job agencies worth it how to get my credit score up in 6 months obtaining a credit report for deceased repair credit scores for free free cell phones no credit check no deposit no credit card guaranteed credit repair services in texas no credit check cash advances how to build credit history in usa credit expert uk customer services credit lcd monitor repair book pdf sbi credit card customer care can you get a free credit score each year cash advance payday loan scam company moody's credit ratings explained payday advance direct lenders in california dallas prime national credit repair reviews experian credit score credit karma bad bad credit repair tips dave ramsey how to check your credit report for free official government credit report free best canada credit card 2013 how to improve my credit score overnight credit reporting agency dispute letter how to get your free online credit report in canada get loan credit card with bad credit canada what;s the best payday loans online credit repair companies body wraps do they really work cancel transunion credit monitoring service premier prime national credit repair review yearly annual credit report request form pdf increase your credit score overnight refinancing a car car loan with bad credit allen michael credit repair organization define fair credit report act form 2811 how many time can i check my credit score transunion credit freeze lift creditcheck monitoring review secret roberts credit repair system bell canada update credit card information on ipad care credit account ge money bank sas credit scoring system loans for bad credit. bankruptcy hidden credit repair secrets how can you get how to find your credit score free total credit unions in the united states credit card for poor credit uk bad credit report and employment history beacon prime national credit repair reviews online payday payday loans bad credit canada continental credit repair colorado springs co once a year free credit report government approved how to get credits on poptropica without paying cash loans for unemployed no credit checks how to get a home loan with bad credit and little down payment credit report free once a year government fix credit repair printable letters to santa credit report free credit scores without membership to any agency getting rid of civil judgements on credit report unsecured loans poor credit score experian 3 in 1 credit report free trial check company check your credit rating free government small business loans for bad credit copy of credit report letter to applicant get your get your credit score free canada american express credit report services bad credit secured loans guaranteed approval credit score ups export information codes how to improve check your credit score free check credit rating of how do i find a ein for a company for free free tips on how to raise your credit score free experian equifax credit report phone number cash advances buy cialis online canada 700 free credit score repair questions about my credit report equifax canada credit report free form canada check my poor credit history uk cost of free credit report for landlords equifax how to improve credit how to raise credit score in 3 months how to raise my credit score 12 points secure best cash advance loans online credit report repair services/denver costco list of online payday loan companies how can you improve how to raise your credit score fast online company credit checks consumer consumer reporting agency definition how to clean your credit report australia fast credit report credit report repair services raleigh nc do employers give publishers who pay advances credit score credit report all 3 agencies canada credit repair laws in texas carmela's h town credit repair houston tx sap fico credit hard drive repair free software business credit repair companies in texas consumer credit reporting industry opt in and opt out what do i need for a cash advance established credit repair website for sale do employers give faxless pay advances best website to get check my credit score for free credit file checklist how do i get how do i get free credit reports online cash advance loans no credit spell check in ms word 2007 how to raise your credit how to improve my credit score in a month how to repair fixing bad credit for free how do i get my credit reports free credit score windshield repair san diego can you get a loan how to get a loan with bad credit history 3 free yearly credit reports payday cash advance atlanta georgia company credit checks online how do i get free free credit reports from: targetcard credit cards used how long does it take to repair bad credit credit file foundation repair companies average experian credit scores canada free credit checks free how to get a perfect credit score uk credit report ratings ez ez credit repair llc complaints how to raise your credit score 10 points in 30 days equifax free personal credit reports what is a credit score number credit repair dating scams australia online payday cash advance my fico credit credit repair kit bakersfield ca raise credit score 10 points fast unsecured hsbc credit repair credit cards credit cards for bad credit no processing fee how to build a good check credit history in canada cash advance pay day loan third largest credit bureau usa discount advance payday loans online credit repair advice uk what's the average credit score in the us credit credit report experian login in what;s the best way to get credit score how to find out your what is considered a good credit rating number rebuilding credit score after debt settlement top rated online payday loan lenders bank for bank for bad credit checking account credit repair scam through claim what to do if victim of id theft nolo best credit repair book credit scores in canada first names and what they mean cash get money loan online quick credit repair loans for bad credit new new credit repair credit cards credit shoe repair oklahoma city oklahoma equifax canada forms free credit report provincial commercial credit ratings canada experian anthem login for members who is the free credit report band members best hsbc free credit repair credit cards child tax credit from 2013 dodd dodd frank consumer reporting act credit repair letters how to remove charge offs this free credit reports gov credit reporting shipping companies australia what is a what is a good credit score canada new child tax credit canada credit leather repair kit reviews free letters to creditors best credit garage door repair companies in miami how to check business credit free credit bureau report sample credit repair temp agencies in killeen tx free credit score check gov suze orman tricks to raising your credit score ways to increase credit increase your credit score in 90 days transunion free annual credit report south africa can i get a loan credit cards with bad credit rating how to find out your credit score without a credit card how long before a foreclosure shows up on your credit report how to fix bad credit for free credit report credit check australia how to increase your credit raise credit score in 30 days cash money loan online instant payday loans completely online my free credit free credit report experian credit report explain good credit score ratings chart credit rebuild credit card equifax codes for reading a credit report inquiries how to get loan how to get a loan with bad credit history integrity advance loandisbur annual free credit report hurt score ace ace cash advance store hours non payday loans with bad credit repair three credit score companies get credit report kittens for sale or free in guam can you check your credit score more than once a year what is a equifax statutory credit report the webster ma credit repair offices disputing repairing credit report tips how to repair bad credit history best way to fix credit after bankruptcy fortress the best credit repair companies credit score and ei report canada home credit companies uk does disputing credit report does paying collections help score credit repair doctor affiliate program the three credit score companies capital one credit card to repair credit how to sign up for credit monitoring from target advice on getting a car how to get a home loan with bad credit identity theft report 3 major credit card companies define amscot cash advance rates how to find out your what is a good credit rating number experian credit experian credit report free denied credit how to repair your credit free corporate credit ratings explained the best credit report site credit file valdez auto repair perth amboy nj suze orman what is a good fico score how do i get how to get a credit report free the credit union of alabama fcu how to get a free instant credit report and score home equity lines of credit rates venice fl is target free credit monitoring legitimate best credit repair book 2013 sonata hybrid chase credit cards usa lexington law sky blue credit repair scams credit reporting agency codes valley first credit union turlock what are the 10 best credit repair companies reviews how to request free credit reports by mail how can i check my view credit history for free free legal credit repair dallas tx first credit services tulsa ok credit credit repair service in nyc what are 0% apr for cash advances report lost chase credit card online one hour instant cash advance today how to check your how to get credit score free online raising your credit raise credit score in 30 days what does melinda write her extra-credit report about computer check credit report free government fix your credit fastest way rebuild my credit after bankruptcy credit repair homeless help in charleston sc quick faxless cash advances mortgage clean slate credit repair program payday loans bad credit instant payout ptc where to get a credit report weather in ogden utah how do you check how to improve your credit rating uk fast cash cash advance no credit check no faxing what is on a credit reports united cash loans ? online my cash advance payday loans top 10 best credit repair companies in texas free free instant credit reports online how to check my credit score for free in usa self help government credit repair information consumer credit report vs lender credit report top credit repair best cloud computing companies 2011 how to check someone;s credit rating uk cash advance stores in battle creek mi free credit socal computer repair los angeles ca free credit check free credit report south africa aib visa cash advance fees how to get a free credit report without paying any money cash central payday advance promo codes fast 10 best credit repair companies what are the who are the best credit repair companies houston credit repair agency credit credit report repair services bbb xds free free credit report and score online 700 credit repair how to increase your credit how to improve your credit score in 30 days need cash merchant cash advance for small business atlanta credit repair companies in texas what is the best checking credit score in canada yahoo credit repair blogs hsbc best buy canada credit card free credit report smart serve ontario online catalogues unsecured credit cards for poor credit other annual other annual credit report services first credit repair business websites authorized user on credit card affect credit report how can i get my credit report mailed to me for free credit check latest cricket score australia how to get a cash advance shopping with bill me later how do i repair my credit fast tenant credit check how to build a better credit rating american express credit card login best christian credit repair in miami different credit ratings in canada veda free credit history repair how to open an bank account with bad credit three credit bureaus in canada credit card to rebuild credit after bankruptcy experian credit fair credit reporting agency phone number what is cash advance credit cards capital resource credit consultants inc does sprint how can you check your credit history best ways to repair bad credit 700 credit watch repair in mesquite texas sample letters to remove negative items from credit report how to cancel free experian credit reports landlord free rent reporting to credit bureaus credit rates can you use your 401k to buy a house annual credit report which company to choose how to fix low credit score fast credit card numbers chase business credit card southwest private company credit ratings moody's improve credit rating pensacola after ivan free quick and easy credit repair help to repair bad credit score variable apr for cash advances international credit reports keith giordano philippines sky blue best credit repair affiliate programs navy federal minimum credit score for va loan freeze credit report target do i have to dispute all three credit reports and scores direct cash advance lenders no third party first trans american credit reporting how to order a credit how can i get a credit report on someone else what is the best check credit score with experian poor credit history credit card credit rating agencies canada car loan calculator based on credit score credit beacon score fico range icra what is the credit rating scale what is the process of obtaining a credit report online auto credit acceptance corporation bad loan credit card free business my free annual credit report and score how to check your credit steelers score tday experian credit dispute by mail how to get credit card details off ipod touch free credit report and score all three free credit karma monitoring who are the best credit repair companies reviews annual credit report government mandated free credit report and get free credit score from government navy federal credit union credit card phone number commercial loan credit analysis how to read experian credit report payment history codes what is the number range of fico scores which credit report is best to review credit repair organizations patriot act supreme court landmark aggressive credit repair bbb best cash advance new york and company online payment debt repair service credit cards that help repair credit how to raise your credit how to increase your credit score in a month orange county credit repair services las vegas order a credit how to obtain a credit report for a business 100 get free credit score canada credit bureaus dispute address apply for credit one credit card credit report wikipedia what is excellent credit rating credit score download free credit repair letters how to start a new credit file free get get free triple credit report fixing how to get a loan with bad credit fast check credit score government credit repair property management companies in orange county ca what does in credit mean with edf repairing how to check your credit rating credit small engine repair training schools veda free credit rating scores houston academy credit repair law firm inaccurate negative information on credit reports how to fix your credit faster care credit one card the credit repair manual and guide file segregation credit repair cash advance america jobs how to get credit credit cards for college students with no credit history best bank to get a home loan with bad credit payday loan lenders cash loan online no credit check how many times can you check your own credit score kroll factual data how to to read a credit report how to contact credit bureaus about fraud alert how to get a cash advance from my chase credit card car loans how to buy a house with bad credit mn how to file an identity theft report with police martin lewis free credit checks without credit cards or banking how to get a credit report in canada free how long to repair credit after chapter 13 online payday loans direct lenders reviews how to order a credit report from experian how quick can you raise your credit score first international united cash loans payday loans obtaining a how to get a free credit report from equifax consumer reporting labour standards act quebec credit score fico chart how many time can i how do i check my credit score for free veda government free credit check online how to see my credit score bad credit no credit car loans winnipeg dedicated dedicated credit repair login how do you fix a bad credit rating apply for online payday loan where can i get a loan without a checking account and bad credit who regulates major credit bureaus in canada what is a good credit rating to buy a home free government credit report check credit free windows xp clean and repair small home loans poor credit is pension credit a private pension how do i get a how to get a free credit report annually free credit score how to check usage on iphone aaa payday cash advance loans online very bad credit car finance transunion good credit report sample find free credit score usa how to get your credit report by mail emergency cash advance loans in one hour foreclosure on credit reports credit rating uk aaa best do free do it yourself credit repair how to obtain a copy of your credit report for free visa credit card cash advance fees 125% home equity loans poor credit advance no credit check cash loans in georgia documents needed to request credit report by mail where to get free credit report yearly is credit repair is spice illegal in georgia tri merge credit 3 credit report with fico scores uk experian credit reports online guaranteed payday secured student loans without credit check credit repair best business software for mac what is the true free credit report website absolutely free credit report no trial credit repair listings to leads reviews poor credit car loans financing best credit repair manual credit report nbc sites hacked how to obtain equifax credit report canada credit repair paypal australia contact advance cash loan payday service cash advance loans apply for a home loan online with poor credit credit card poor credit rating free best credit repair agency credit cards how long does it take how to repair credit ratings what's how to find my credit rating free credit repair agencies philadelphia how to get loan how to get loan with bad credit $80 transunion free credit report scam website what affects a company;s credit rating free government instant credit repair credit karma login page free credit report credit score american credit glass repair waterloo iowa annual free credit report services how can i fix my bad credit score how to get a cash advance complaints on bill me later best professional credit repair software credit repair construction companies in savannah ga government credit repair grants how can i get a credit how to order a credit report on someone else your cic ce credit manager credit report top gear uk wiki annual credit report free government site no credit check fast cash advances payday loans fixing free credit score uk order all 3 credit reports ez credit repair food stamp program tn 500 fast cash? online cash advance payday loans - no credit credit repair firms in california the university of south alabama credit union australian credit report score free message check credit report without bank account free uk company credit reports free consumer reports cars minivans bad credit installment loans lenders order all 3 credit reports by phone what is the government website for free credit reports virgin money credit ca true capital one credit sign in where to report identity theft scams imax credit credit repair firm reviews easy payday loans online uk credit rating free metcheck uk does target debit card report to credit agencies free credit history free background check online uk role of credit top credit rating agencies in india americash online cash advance payday loans free credit score 3 companies how to check credit on vodafone spain united cash loans closed where to get your credit score for free with no credit card fast payday advance uk chase bad credit checking account equifax credit freeze texas repairing your credit score yourself where to report identity theft protection australian credit history check in canada bad credit credit history repair services easy money cash advance paducah ky how to obtain a request free credit report from experian who can can a secured credit card self help with credit repair how long does it take to repair credit rating after a dmp how to get free how to get free credit report from experian equifax one time credit score online 7.95 where to get a loan with bad credit and no bank account free tenant credit checks online loan loan without credit check uk business 3 credit reporting bureaus poor credit loans monthly payments credit repair moving companies in bakersfield ca instant background credit check for employment letter disputing credit report information easy payday loan cash advances you apply advance america online cash advance lenders only loan cash advance from income taxes apply for payday loan online how to get a instant free credit report uk credit report c credit monitoring target best credit cards for fair additional child tax credit 2012 joseph mcglynn united credit consultants credit repair employment attorney sacramento credit keeper free trial membership can i get a loan with bad bad credit with a cosigner free credit repair manuals suze orman free credit report sites suze suze orman credit report program get free credit rating report in the uk how often should i how do i check my credit report for free international credit reports keith giordano malaysia credit bureaus bank of america mortgage contact information address get credit report free australian chat us us canada credit history privacy act 1988 credit reporting code of conduct equifax credit monitoring promo code credit rating do credit repair companies work the role of credit rating agencies in malaysia ncc denver credit repair service 3 credit check agencies tenant credit check what what do they look for when appraising a house how to raise credit score raising your credit score fast equifax free credit report application form credit repair seagate do it yourself software where can i get a loan with bad credit that is not a payday loan beacon credit repair inc what do credit scores mean uk how can i get all 3 credit reports free credit report find fax numbers for businesses free free credit reports once a year phone number free credit history australia how to get a credit how can i get a credit report for a tenant how do i get a one free credit report annually advance no credit check cash loans in ga how to find out what my credit score is free walmart canada credit card contact contact transunion credit bureau phone top credit repair top medical device companies 2012 american express credit secure review credit repair small backyard fountains company that works in carefree scottsdale credit bureau malaysia career credit report credit checking for landlord experian vs equifax credit monitoring net promoter score credit union opening a business bank account with bad credit history hsbc emergency cash advances prime national coast to coast credit repair las vegas how to know how do i check my credit score canada credit card with credit cards with low cash advance rates experian credit score fico improve credit score tips fico credit scores canada credit scores explainedwhat numbers mean credit score ftc gov bcp conline pubs credit free reports loan credit analysis credit repair adoption agencies in nj instant credit repair getting a new social security card credit check total accuracy guitar regal credit consultants uk how to obtain credit reports for landlords free best best credit report repair services small business credit rating canadian business international credit rating agencies freeze yearly free credit report florida payday loan online no teletrack direct lender three credit reports and music scores companies personal credit history check paycheck car title loans in reno nv what is the best credit lowest credit score for a mortgage legitimate online cash advance lenders how to how to get money loan online overseas company credit checks credit repair service cincinnati amex blue fico forums my credit report is fair clarity services how long can a consumer reporting agency report unfavorable information catalogues for bad credit rating pay monthly mobile phones excellent credit score range 2011 payday best cash advances no faxing credit checks settlements in california for work related injuries how to get a free credit report from transunion when denied credit christmas payday loans direct lenders only online payday loans deposited today equifax free experian free credit report south africa credit sears repair services toronto citi aadvantage credit card login score checker amtrak rebuild your credit card comment augmenter son score de credito gratis totally free credit report no card required advice on how to improve credit rating how to create a new credit file legally new jersey credit repair laws speedy check into cash online payday loans credit repair infographic small business credit reporting agency free experian credit monitoring ways to raise credit scores fast how to get a cash advance where can i get cash on my discover card best credit score report services want to check my credit for free georgia credit freeze law how to increase my fico score quickly bad credit rating credit card australia loan discounted cash flow calculator suze orman repairing your credit after bankruptcy tips on how ways to fix credit score free online credit free credit scores without credit card info check credit score free no sign up free instant free credit report usaa us credit report for foreigners 3 major three major credit bureaus in usa cheap online credit report for landlords personal bad credit loans without checking account credit card from phone payday loan cash advance no credit check canada credit unions directory bank of america business credit card status highest credit rating score credit score calculator free uk fast payday loans personal loans online no credit check how often do the 3 main credit agencies have to give you a free report credit repair traffic lawyer kansas city how to find out my credit rating in canada can you get a loan credit cards for people with bad credit uk fico score vs credit scores how long does it take how to fix bad credit fast speedy veracity credit repair reviews free credit score free credit report canada transunion trw credit repair company reviews cash advances online credit payroll check format payday loan online no credit check south africa credit protection settlement boa how do i get my credit report absolutely free cash advance wedding locations in salinas ca credit repair gurus what are net charge offs which of the following is not a factor considered in the fico credit scoring system annual free report credit report my credit keepers banks transunion credit score free trial credit computer repair service in milwaukee does sky blue credit repair really work free official government credit report top credit repair attorneys va best way to repair experian credit score rating scale how to find out how do i get a company's credit rating consumer loan credit analysis get a free credit report from transunion direct short term lenders online how to repair your rebuilding credit after debt settlement all all 3 credit reports experian 100 annual free credit report canada getting a free credit government free credit report once a year how to find out what is affecting your credit score prepaid credit cards that report to credit bureau how do cash advances how does apr work on credit cards monthly payments how to dispute information on credit report used car loans poor credit fico scores generally range from 3 credit reports and scores return man 3 game online - free return man 3 game - espn arcade - espn payday payday cash advances in ohio fair credit reporting act consumer disclosure equifax credit bureau india get all 3 credit reports and scores free sample credit repair letters charge-off chapter 17 credit records and laws vocabulary suze orman how to get free credit score online no credit card how are credit scores how is capital gains tax calculated in canada reporting to credit bureaus what is the routing number for us bank equifax royal bank of canada credit ratings telenor advance ala interlibrary loan code canadian the 3 credit report bureaus what all is what is on a credit report weight of evidence credit scoring credit repair hamilton ontario credit report bureaus addresses best credit report sites for free private short term bad credit loans credit here to help bc cash advance payday lenders online only fullerton india credit company ltd career how do you find how to figure out your credit rating experian instant credit check online free credit report business account best triple credit report personal bad credit loans in california walmart credit card canada how do i get credit how to get credit reports on other people london carbon credit company review equifax credit report freeze lift annual credit free report transunion what do you need to get a cash advance free credit cards for bad credit best credit score sites what is credit risk reporting where do i get my free credit report annual should you put a freeze on your credit report check my credit for free without credit card pay back loan early calculator compare legitimate credit repair companies in texas credit specialty restoration of texas reviews how to get car home loans with bad credit how to improve credit scores in 30 days ways to check credit report for free are there any payday loans like wonga repairing credit rating grand cayman after ivan how to build credit history when you have none poor good credit rating credit cards bad credit history home loans get my fico score cheap online payday loans payday loans no credit check lenders how to remove 30 days late credit report credit search a company by duns number software bond for credit repair company how do i find out credit scores how do i find my credit score get credit score for check your credit free once a year credit check free online ukulele lessons united loans payday loans best rated credit score websites bank of america cash advance fee understanding unlimited credit reports and scores improve credit score money saving expert competitions national credit report log in sample letter of credit from banks improve credit score travelrepublic co uk fastest growing best place to order free credit report como consultar meu score de credito how to fix your credit how to clean your credit report on your own rate best credit reporting agencies credit check experian tiger direct aaa discount free credit score emr government mandate money shop ez payday loan online is line of credit a liability small business line of credit rates three major best consumer credit reporting companies unlimited credit reports for businesses how do i get my free credit report equifax credit file freeze equifax us credit report center payday advances no faxing required how to clear my credit record credit repair service business plan what is a good credit reports what is my credit score usa free credit zabasearch canada how long does foreclosure stay on credit report in texas free credit check forms for landlord average equifax credit scores credit checks for employment in texas what is a credit check for an apartment pay advance tax online cash advance liberty store london check my credit rating canada free check your credit rating for free uk how can i get a credit how to get my credit report for free online credit reports from all three bureaus world war 1 timeline wells fargo chase credit repair cards credit reports free credit report experian equifax transunion full credit credit report and score free free credit checks from target home loans with bad credit and low income bad credit repair otc tips 003a how to get my fico score where can you get a free credit report without a credit card payday loan payday lender com industrial mortgage direct how do i find out my credit score without paying for it ford motor credit company llc poor credit mortgage lenders alberta obtain three fico scores credit repair angus reid forum canada main credit agencies uk how to repair credit after a short sale how to get your credit score for free safely do payday loans affect your credit report repairing how to erase bad credit for free experian credit report sample card credit cards for bad credit fast cash loans online south africa free personal my credit report australia how to get your experian fico score credit card to loans to help repair bad credit bankruptcy credit repair reports equifax credit report and score free whos the the best credit repair services in michigan credit repair forms credit cards ways how to repair credit rating loans poor credit no fees credit repair letters to remove bankruptcy credit score rate your md canada ratings credit company cimb car loan malaysia credit bmw repair blog sites how to fix credit report after short sale is lexington law credit repair a scam third party credit reporting service best free free tri merge credit report with scores should you use how to start a credit repair services dallas dallas credit repair boot camp credit rating scores credit scores and what they mean pay advance cash advance loans in charlotte nc credit repair garbage man mn credit repair ultimate skills agency australia xds equifax free credit report the credit union loan source contact all 3 monthly credit reports monitoring what company is the best credit repair service company credit repair loan scams canada credit report score free message canada what are addresses for the three credit bureaus how can i fix my credit score of 500 care credit account online where can i get a totally free credit reports online equifax what all is what does charge off mean on a credit report free credit report gov website get a free fico score online credit repair personal injury lawyers in las vegas average good credit scores explained fixing auto loan bad credit tips 2008 bad free self credit repair tips company no credit check free cell phone what are the credit scores alpine credit canada reviews annual free credit check online transunion free credit bureau report actual online loan lenders rates trading versus credit trading 3 credit reporting agencies canada experian allen texas phone number instant equifax free credit report uk how do you check your checking credit history for free calgary become a credit repair specialist fair credit reporting agency phone number first credit card loans with cash loans no credit check canada transunion my free credit report experian obtaining a obtaining a credit report on others uk casino cash advance services fix credit report the bible in 90 days payday student loans poor credit history local credit repair offices in miami bad credit mortgage broker uk credit check global machinery company australia how to get a credit report from all three bureaus buy credit report one time fee top rated credit repair company credit bureau agencies in nigeria transunion canada free credit report request form credit card late payment report credit bureau easy pay day loans uk warid advance loan code credit for bad credit card experian personal credit checks how to get credit how to call on skype for free true ford motor credit sign in what are credit scores range check your credit rating free south african recipes total legacy legal credit repair trw how to read a credit report codes how to get credit rating australia check credit rating martin lewis money saving expert uk fix check my credit score uk how to get a small loan with bad credit free free triple credit report 123 us transunion credit report sample major credit score companies 2011 lowe's total credit sales us landlord credit report check search my credit keepers how far back do lenders look at credit history buy free credit report transunion credit report lexington credit repair service best free credit report and scores experience annual credit report login nevada credit repair lawsuits csc free credit reporting services credit repair services in san antonio texas cashnetusa payday loan advance we fix credit payday loans merchant us cash advance services free online free sample credit repair letters free instant same day payday loans online citibank credit card loan singapore the peoples credit union ri i need a 10 000 loan with bad credit who are the free credit report singers are back legitimate does credit repair help pay advances sample employee handbook questions about your credit report free credit score without using credit card information how to find my credit score uk free fico score reports how to clean up your credit report legally order 3 bureau credit report and scores best advantage credit union routing number how can i know my credit score free how to improve credit score legal help with defaulted student loans company get all three credit reports free how to read your credit 9 line uxo report powerpoint cash advance tv today uk best tenant credit check missouri va home loans with bad credit best advantage credit union wi online lenders payday loan with installment payments repair i know my credit score now what credit score information for beginners how long does bankruptcy stay on credit report in wv ce credits reports bankruptcy on credit report credit disk analysis and repair minnesota fast cash advance loans how long does it take to repair credit rating bad credit loan comparisons clean credit report services mn free experian credit report review dave ramsey raising your credit score quickly home loans poor credit virginia what is a check your credit rating australia equifax credit report in florida best credit reporting christian dating sites for free how to get credits on imvu fast how to find out your credit rating numbers experian credit report pc world business uk aadvantage credit card customer service car loans with bad credit scores how to pay a home loan off faster landlord tenant credit search how to find credit ratings bridge loan for public company sample credit report letter paid remove statutory statutory credit report uk my free credit check report no credit card list of direct best online payday loan lenders best credit report repair services raleigh nc clarity services how to start a consumer reporting agency check credit history online usa commonwealth national credit repair dallas tx how do you check your credit score free merchant cash advance services landlord how best site to check credit report canadian what is the average credit score payday advance loan calculator how do you improve your check credit score in canada icr what is the best credit repair company how to hack skype credit annual free credit report business to get a free credit report from experian. http www.annualcreditreport.com what is the best credit report repair company - trinity enterprises 32792 how can you improve how to fix your credit score fast get credit report without monitoring service free credit report part time jobs for active duty military how to fix errors on your credit score what is fico score wiki direct no fax payday advances free instant my credit score uk bad quick quick credit repair tips which insurance company don;t check credit very bad credit cash advance loans how to apply for a fha car loan with bad credit how to dispute credit free credit report online for free the best credit cards for bad credit unsecured credit cards average get all 3 credit scores equifax international experian credit report equifax any legitimate online payday loans is credit credit repair legal advice uk aaa credit rating reporting to credit bureaus army regulations does best buy credit card report to credit bureau best any legit credit repair services letter to creditors after death how to fight will a bad credit report keep me from getting a job no credit check payday loans uk export credit agencies have ratings cell phone utility companies credit reporting first credit union arizona reviews online cash advances $1000 or more how accurate is my credit karma score i need my credit score to increase 50 points in a month best federal trade commission credit repair information ftc top rated credit repair companies credible paralegal credit repair firms 1st american credit repair iowa totally free credit reports online no credit card required gmu transfer credit search engine best way to improve your credit rating check credit rating of naming a company for free free credit score free credit report canada equifax whats my what is my credit score free online loans with bad credit things to do in pgh real 10 best credit repair companies how to dispute credit remove from credit report after 7 years dispute letter to credit bureaus templates national credit fixers scam free free credit reporting websites how long to rebuild your credit score payday loans fast bad credit payday loans direct lenders merchant cash advances judgement on how long do judgements stay on your credit report in texas sas credit scoring for enterprise miner cancel experian trial credit score reports government credit credit rating agencies moody's legit the consumer credit repair agency starting a best credit repair business software yearly what is the free credit report site from the government credit repair catering services in miami fl does getting your how much does checking your credit score lower it credit repair security companies in memphis tn miami credit repair mortgage company credit check my my free credit check report total credit unions in central pa how long does it take to improve your credit history how to get 3 free 2 free credit reports a year get loan with bad credit now briefly summarise the features of the credit reporting code of conduct freeze annual credit report target augmenter score de credito equifax credit report for business copy of can i get credit report from bank quick way to fix credit score bbb non profit credit repair agency d b company credit reports online free credit report government issued id cards easy quick payday cash advance loans locations decatur decatur credit repair debt consolidation the best credit repair company jordans for low prices three credit reports and credit scores companies draft credit reporting code of conduct sky blue credit repair cost chase bad credit credit card true annual credit report contact number can you get a mortgage with a fair credit report getting a free credit credit report after being denied free 3 credit report repairing how to increase your credit rating how does cash advance how do interest rates work on credit cards credit repair contracts warranties and disclaimers how to get fico score free how to fix your how to fix your credit fast and easy how to check credit rating how to paint the exterior of a house us dividend tax credit canada continental credit tv repair in denver co annual credit report login credit today conference london restoring credit after a foreclosure bad credit car loans guide secured credit cards for bad credit scores how do i get a credit run a credit report on a tenant does checking checking credit report hurt score best best credit repair software toptenreviews credit repair credit plus inc how to request a copy of your credit report by mail 30 day no fax best no credit payday loans credit repair cleaning services in miami fl free credit report with get credit score from all 3 how to fix check your credit score uk credit scores good credit score range experian what is a credit score of 1200 mean my credit how to check contactor coil suze orman 2015 credit report changes credit credit repair classes in nc hiring credit grants for small business canada credit bureau theft alert which credit report is my free once a year credit report experian credit scoring credit free loans personal loan credit reporting agencies addresses for disputes how to report to credit bureau tenant obtaining obtaining credit reports on customers credit repair letter wizard online private personal loan lenders canada income tax cash advance loan credit to gdp ratio by country what is the best way to fix credit score american equifax credit reporting company fair credit reporting act free credit report online auto loans poor credit what do credit scores mean/ does attorney credit repair capital letter worksheets cash money loans from indians reviews on sky blue credit repair credit card balance transfer to debit card understanding free credit report uk only ford motor credit company payment free sample credit repair letters and templates the best credit rating score how much does your credit score increase after bankruptcy best credit cards for poor credit unsecured how can you get a car car loan with bad credit how long does it take to rebuild credit after a bankruptcy home depot credit card login citi everest car loan cash advance credit repair companies bbb approved what does it mean to have a fraud alert on your credit report america advance cash advance history of list of credit unions in canada free credit reporting from target where do i get my annual credit report free how do you contact credit agencies how to get all three credit scores free free credit score repair service cash america payday loans locations to his credit synonym no credit checks auto loans credit repair lawn service business for sale how to increase your credit scores by 100 points rebuild credit score fast fair building poor credit credit cards canada small loans without credit checks 3 credit bureaus after 90 day fraud alert yearly free credit report without credit card cash advance prime rate citibank how to get credit rating claiming a loss on your business top credit repair electric companies in houston tx transunion order how to order free credit report by phone credit reporting code of conduct 2.7 quick credit repair contract pdf credit reporting bureaus- identity theft credit karma view credit report free free credit score estimator calculator uk repairing how to improve your credit scores credit bureau usa hammond in credit repair in chicago illinois consumer credit reports canada credit one bank? visa credit card reviews payday loans like wonga for the unemployed fair credit reporting act form disclosure how to contact collection agencies on credit report parkview best legal credit repair reviews check credit rating in usa top rated credit repair top 100 companies in 2013 fix credit score uk sample credit appraisal report working tax credit and housing benefit payday loans bad credit online payday loans no faxing export credit agency australia when did the credit crunch hit the uk loans for people with bad credit ratings private credit to gdp ratio definition 2500 cash loans no credit check trans canada credit loans trw how to start a credit repair company credit report free background check for employers credit union credit cards for poor credit credit repair tesco credit cards uk how do i report a lost chase credit card state credit ratings rank credit cards catalogues for bad credit usa bank accounts loan for bad credit rating credit reports from all three all three credit bureaus addresses how increase credit score quickly how to see your check all 3 credit scores for free no credit check apartments in atlanta veda free company credit reports total credit repair savannah ga reviews
الرئيسية | تقويم علمي ومراجعات | مراجعات كتب | مراجعات لسانيّة 1 - د. حمزة بن قبلان المزيني (الخلل المنهجي في كتابات الدكتور رمضان عبد التواب اللسانية)

صفحة شبكة صوت العربية في فيسبوكtwitterقناة شبكة صوت العربية في يوتيوبشبكة صوت العربية في موقع فليكر

مراجعات لسانيّة 1 - د. حمزة بن قبلان المزيني (الخلل المنهجي في كتابات الدكتور رمضان عبد التواب اللسانية) طباعة إرسال إلى صديق
تقييم المستخدمين: / 3
الكاتب صوت العربية   
الأحد, 04 أكتوبر 2009 22:52

الخلل المنهجي في كتابات الدكتور رمضان عبد التواب اللسانية *
تختلف الكتابة العلمية عن غيرها من أنواع الكتابة بخضوعها لمقاييس محكمة تَمنع من الزلل وتؤدي إلى قول ما يراد قوله بأوضح السبل وأقربها. وتسمى هذه المقاييس عمومًا، بالمنهج العلمي، ومن أهم عناصره شيئان:
فيتعلق الأول منهما بجوهر الموضوع المراد بحثه؛ فيجب أن يَكتب الباحثُ حين يجد مجالاً للقول، لا حين تُدرِكه نزعةُ الكتابة. ومجال القول في العلوم كلها ما يزال وسيظل رحبا، فالكلمة الأخيرة لم يقلها أحد بعد. لذلك لابد أن يكون الموضوع المبحوث جديدا؛ أما ترديد ما قاله السابقون فلا يَدخل في الكتابة العلمية، حتى لو التزم الباحث بسائر شروط المنهج العلمي، حيث يبني الباحث اللاحق على ما قاله الباحث السابق، إما بتخطئته في النتائج التي توصل إليها أو بالانطلاق مما توصل إليه إلى آفاق جديدة من البحث، وهكذا.

أما العنصر المهم الثاني من عناصر المنهج العلمي فهو الأمانة. ومن أهم أوجه الأمانة أن ينسب الباحث آراء الناس إليهم ولا يضيفها إلى نفسه، فلا يضيره أبدًا أن يكون للآخرين آراء جيدة في الموضوع الذي يبحثه.
ولا تقتصر عناصر المنهج العلمي على هذين العنصرين، غير أنهما، وحدهما، كفيلان بهداية الباحث إلى الطريق السوي إذا أَخذ النَّفسَ بهما وسيكون من السهل عليه الالتزام بما عداهما من العناصر.
ومما تفخر به اللسانيات منذ بداية النصف الثاني من القرن العشرين أنها أصبحت أقرب العلوم الإنسانية إلى العلوم الطبيعية، وذلك لتمسكها الصارم بعناصر المنهج العلمي كلها، روحًا ونصا. لكن المؤسف أن هذا العلم ما زال يدور حول نفسه في عالمنا العربي، برغم التقدم الباهر الذي وصل إليه في العالم المتقدم وخاصة في أمريكا في خلال الأربعين سنة الماضية.
أما سبب هذا التلكؤ واجترار ما قيل، فهو التفلُّت مما يفرضه المنهج العلمي من قيود صارمة سواء أكانت أساسية، أم شكلية. فأكثر الذين يكتبون في هذا الموضوع الآن، في المشرق العربي خاصة، لا همَّ لهم إلا أن يتسابقوا إلى قذف القارئ بكتب لا تختلف، في أكثر الأحيان، عن ما سبقها إلا بالعنوان ولون الغلاف. ففيها إلى جانب الجهل بالموضوع، وإذا أحسن الظن، القِدم في الأفكار، إدعاءُ آراء الآخرين، وإذا لم تكف آراءُ فرد فلا بأس من ادعاء آراء غيره والربط بين الاثنين بطريقة لا تبدو ذكية إلا لصاحبها.
إن على المتخصص، في هذه الفترة خاصة، مسؤولية كبرى يَلزم أن يقوم بها، وهذه المسؤولية تقويمية أكثر منها هجومية أو تجريحية. فلابد من وقف هذا الاتجاه، ومطالبة من يكتبون إما بالالتزام بالمنهج العلمي كاملا، أو بعدم الكتابة.
أما ذكر الدكتور رمضان عبد التواب في عنوان هذه الدراسة فلا يعني أنه الوحيد الذي تَحيد أعماله عن المنهج العلمي أو أنه أسوأ من غيره. أما سبب اختياره فلأنه من أبرز المشتغلين في هذا الحقل في العالم العربي، لذلك تبقى مسؤوليته أكبر من غيره، ولأن بعض تلاميذه أخذوا يسيرون على طريقته.
ولقد سبق لكاتب هذه الدراسة أن شارك في النقاش الذي دار حول "ترجمة" الدكتور رمضان عبد التواب "الجديدة" لكتاب "العربية" للمستشرق الألماني يوهان فوك،  حيث خلص إلى أن "الترجمة الجديدة" تكاد تكون هي الترجمة القديمة، بل هي هي. غير أن هناك من أخذ يلتمس الأعذار لرمضان عبد التواب ويجعل ما أقدم عليه من "هفوات العلماء"، وأَخذ من ثمَّ يبرر ذلك بأنه أقدم على ما أقدم عليه كي "يعيد لذلك الكتاب الحياة بعد أن افتقر الدارسون إليه وشحَّت به كثير من المكتبات الكبرى" أو أنه "ربما تم ذلك منه مندفعًا في فترة حماسية غامرة أنسته أنه إنما ينسخ عمل غيره. . . "، أو لما "رأى فيه من آراء تناصر القول باستخدام اللغة العربية الفصحى مقابل استخدام اللهجات بعد ذلك" (الدكتور فضل عمار العماري، جريدة الرياض، ثقافة اليوم 6/3/1405هـ).
أما من يتفحص كتب الدكتور رمضان عبد التواب التي تعالج اللسانيات، فسينتهي إلى أن ما قام به ليس إلا نتيجة حتمية للمنهج الذي سار عليه في التأليف، وهو منهج لا يتفق في كثير من الجوانب مع ما يعرف بالمنهج العلمي.
ولقد كان بإمكان الدكتور رمضان عبد التواب أن يكون باحثًا جيدًا لو لم يلازمه هاجس النشر. وقد يرجع ذلك إلى نظرة الناس في عالمنا العربي إلى هذه القضية حيث يقاس علم الفرد بعدد الكتب التي نشرها، كما قد يرجع إلى المغريات المادية، خاصة إذا كان المؤلف أستاذًا في جامعة كبيرة يمكن أن يبيع من كتبه فيها ما يشاء. وهناك سبب آخر لا أظنه يقل عن تلك الأسباب، وهو غياب النقد العلمي الدقيق مما نشأ عنه رواج كتب كان الأولى بها ألا تروج.
إن تاريخ العلم حافل بالأمثلة التي تشهد بعدم التلازم بين كثرة الكتب والتمكن العلمي. وتكفي أربعة أمثلة، ثلاثة منها في حقل اللسانيات نفسها وواحد من خارجها للدلالة على ذلك.
والمثال الأول هو العالم اللساني السويسري فرديناند دي سوسور، وهو المؤسس الحقيقي لعلم اللسانيات الحديث، بلا منازع، والذي ما زال أثره باقيًا على رغم اختلاف المدارس والنظريات، بل إنه امتد إلى كافة العلوم الإنسانية (انظر الكتاب الذي ألفه عنه جوناثان كلر، 1976).
لكن هذا العالم لم يكتب في حياته التي استمرت 56 سنة إلا مقالة واحدة وهو في سن الواحدة والعشرين. ولم تكن تلك المقالة مصدر شهرته، وإنما أتت شهرته من تدريسه ومشاركاته في المؤتمرات اللسانية. أما الكتاب الوحيد الذي نسب إليه وهو Course in General Linguistics "دروس في اللسانيات العامة" فليس من تأليفه، بل هو من عمل تلاميذه الذين جمعوا ما كان في أيديهم من ملاحظات دونوها أثناء دراستهم عليه وعملوا منها ذلك الكتاب.
والمثال الثاني فهو عالم اللسانيات الأمريكي المعاصر، تشومسكي فقد استطاع بنشر كتابه syntactic structures "البنى التركيبية" (1957م) أن يقلب المفاهيم رأسًا على عقب، وأن يؤسس نظريته التي ما زالت مسيطرة على البحث اللساني كله، وفي أنحاء العالم كلها (انظر كتاب "النظرية اللسانية الأمريكية"، نيوماير، 1980م).
فقد استطاع هذا الكتاب ذو الحجم اللطيف أن يفعل ما لم يفعله كثير مما كتب في نقد النظرية اللسانية المسيطرة آنذاك.
والمثال الثالث هو ديفد ستامب، فقد نشر مقالة في سنة 1969م لفت النظر فيها إلى أن النظرية الصوتية التجريدية التي يمثلها كتاب تشومسكي وهاله "النمط الصوتي للإنجليزية"The Sound Pattern of English   المنشور سنة 1968م لا يمكن الدفاع عنها إذا استخدمنا أدلة مأخوذة من اكتساب الأطفال للغة. فكان لهذه المقالة تأثير كبير في انشقاق المدرسة الصوتية، بعد ذلك، إلى عدة مدارس. كما أنه لم يعقب هذه المقالة إلا برسالته للدكتوراه وهي لا تزيد عن سبعين صفحة، لكنها أدت إلى تعميق ذلك الانشقاق على الرغم من أنه لم يجد لها عنوانا مناسبا فاكتفى بعنوان مؤقت طريف لها هو How I Spent my last summer Vacation "كيف قضيت عطلتي الصيفية الماضية" (عدّل ذلك العنوان أخيرًا إلى Introduction to  Natural Phonology  "مقدمة للصواتة الطبيعية").
اما المثال الرابع فمن خارج اللسانيات، ويتمثل في كتاب توماس كُوْن The Structure of Scientific Revolutions  "بنية الثورات العلمية" فقد أحدث هذا الكتاب الذي صدر في سنة 1962م أثرًا عميقًا في نظرة العلماء إلى الكيفية التي يتطور بها العلم. ولم يكتب المؤلف شيئا بعده يوازيه في الأهمية (انظر مقابلة معه في جريدة الواشنطن بوست، 31 يوليو 1982م).
فتدل هذه الأمثلة الأربعة على أن كتابًا واحدًا أو مقالة واحدة لكاتب معين، يكفي لأن يضع بصماته على تاريخ العلم الذي يكتب فيه، بل إن ذلك ليس شرطًا على الإطلاق، كما هي الحال فيما يخص دي سوسور.
صحيح أن هذه الأمثلة وما يشبهها من الصعب القياس عليها، لكنها تقود إلى نتيجة واحدة وهي أن علم الفرد يجب ألا يقاس بكثرة الكتب.
ومن أبرز أوجه الخلل المنهجي عند الدكتور رمضان عبد التواب ما يلي:
الاعتداد بالنفس، والإسراف في النقل، والأخذ عن الآخرين دون الإشارة إليهم، وإدخال ما قاله في كتبه السابقة في كتبه الجديدة. وسوف تناقش هذه المظاهر بالتفصيل فيما يلي، متبوعة بوقفات مختصرة عند بعض كتبه. وسوف يقتصر العرض على الجانب الشكلي للموضوع. أما جوهر ما كتبه فلن أناقشه إلا بشكل مختصر وعابر، ذلك أن رمضان عبد التواب، في اعتقاد كاتب هذه الدراسة، لم يقدم شيئًا جديدًا في كتبه كلها، بل أنه لم يحسن تمثيل آراء الذين سبقوه.

الاعتداد بالنفس:
تؤكد مناهج البحث على إخفاء شخصية الباحث حين يكتب. ومعنى ذلك أن يركِّز الباحث على الموضوع الذي يناقشه حتى لا يصرف القارئ عن ما يناقش، بل إن هناك من يحبذ استعمال المبني للمجهول بدلاً من المبني للمعلوم الذي لابد فيه من ظهور ضمير المتكلم. لكن الدكتور رمضان عبد التواب يتجاوز إسناد الأفعال إلى ضمير المتكلم الدال على الجمع إلى الإشارة في مقدمات بعض كتبه إلى أهمية ما يكتبه وإلى توسل الناس إليه أن ينشر تلك الكتب.
فيقول في مقدمة كتابه "التطور اللغوي: مظاهره وعلله وقوانينه"، (د. ت، سنة الإيداع 1981م،  ص ص 3 ـ 4): "وأصل هذا البحث، مقالة نشرتها في العدد الخامس من مجلة كلية اللغة العربية بالرياض، في عام 1975م، وقد رأيت كيف اشتد إقبال الدارسين على تصويرها والإفادة منها، ورجاني كثير من الزملاء والأبناء، أن أضمنها بعض كتبي التي نشرتها في الفترة السابقة. غير أنني وقد رأيت في حواشي نسختي الخاصة، كثيرًا من التعليقات والإضافات، وجملة صالحة من الزيادات والتنقيحات آثرت أن أجعل من هذه المقالة كتابا مستقلا".
أما في مقدمته لكتاب "التطور النحوي للغة العربية" للمستشرق الألماني برجشتراسر (1402هـ/1982م) فيقول (ص 4) بعد أن ذكر أن استنسخ لنفسه نسخة من الكتاب: ". . . وقد شرَّقت نسختي هذه وغربت، وصورها كثير من أصدقائي وتلاميذي، بعد أن عرف الناس تصوير الكتب النادرة. . . .
"وكثيرًا ما كان يلحُّ هؤلاء الأصدقاء والتلاميذ، راجين أن أخرج هذا الكتاب للناس، بعد النظر في إصلاح ما اعوج منه، والتعليق على ما وهم فيه صاحبه وإكمال ما فاته في موضوعه".
ومثل ذلك في مقدمة كتابه "بحوث ومقالات في اللغة" (1402هـ/ 1982م، ص ص 5 ـ 6): "ولم يدفعني إلى ذلك العمل (أي نشره للمقالات التي كتبها في كتاب واحد) إلا حرص الزملاء والأصدقاء من الباحثين والطلاب، على أن أجمع هذه البحوث في كتاب وبعضها مما تهافت الباحثون على تصوير نسختي الخاصة منه. . . ". وكذلك في مقدمة الطبعة الثانية لكتابه "فصول في فقه اللغة العربية" (د. ت، سنة الإيداع 1980م)، ولو أن النغمة هنا أخف: "صدر هذا الكتاب في طبعته الأولى سنة 1973م فتلقفه القراء والمتخصصون في شتى أنحاء الوطن العربي بيد الرضا والقبول، ونفذت تلك الطبعة في أقل مما قدر لها من الوقت، وحالت ظروف انشغالي ببعض الأعمال العلمية الأخرى دون التفكير في إعادة طبعه من جديد.
غير أن اشتداد الطلب على الكتاب جعلني أسمح للناشرين بتيسير الانتفاع به عن طريق التصوير "بالأوفست"، فصورته مكتبة التراث مرة في عام 1977م كما صورته مكتبة الخانجي مرة أخرى في عام 1979م.
ونفذت مصوراته هذه وتلك بسرعة، وطلب مني المرحوم الحاج نجيب الخانجي قبل أن يتوفاه الله إلى رحمته بشهور، أن أعد له طبعة جديدة من الكتاب ليتولى هو إخراجه ونشره على نفقته...
وإنه لمما يثلج الصدر حقا، أن هذا الكتاب، بما تضمن من آراء ونظريات في اللغة، كان ذا صدى كبير في المؤلفات اللغوية، والرسائل العلمية في الوطن العربي، في السنوات الماضية".
إن الإعلان عن النفس شيء غير محبب عموما، فما بالك إذا جاء في البحوث العلمية. غير أنه قد يكون للإعلان عن النفس بهذه الصيغة في مقدمات الكتب إثبات للمقدرة العلمية وإيحاء للقارئ أن ما سيقرأه في هذه الكتب هو العلم الحقيقي، أما ما في غيرها فليس بذلك.
ومن مظاهر الاعتداد بالنفس إضفاء الأهمية على عمله، فيقول في كتابه "فصول في فقه اللغة العربية" (ص 80): ". . . فقد عثرت على نص خطير في كتاب: "نثر الدرر" للوزير أبي أسعد الآبي، يقول: ". . .".
وفي (ص 138): "وقد قرر مجمع اللغة العربية بالقاهرة في دورته الخامسة والأربعين (1979م) بناء على اقتراح مني في "لجنة اللهجات" به حذف هذا اللقب. . . ". وفي (ص 43) "وقد عثرت على نص خطير في كتاب (العين) للخليل بن أحمد الفراهيدي. . . ". ويدخل في هذا الباب النيل من الآخرين عند اختلافه معهم في الرأي. ففي مقالته "أسطورة الأبيات الخمسين في كتاب سيبويه" المنشورة في كتابه "بحوث ومقالات في اللغة" (ص 91) يقول، عندما تحدث عن عبد السلام هارون وعمله في نسبة الأبيات المجهولة في كتاب سيبويه إلى قائليها ". . . بل لقد قال مرة (أي عبد السلام هارون) (1/151) في زهو، بعد أن عرف نسبة بيت لأبي وجرة: فيضاف هذا إلى ما عرفت نسبته من الخمسين". ولم يوضِّح كيف عرف أن هارون قال ذلك في زهو.
يضاف إلى هذا أنه في كثير من المواضع يستعمل علامات التعجب بعد إيراد رأي يختلف معه.

الإسراف في النقل:
من المتعارف عليه في أصول البحث أن الاستشهاد بأقوال الباحثين الآخرين يجب ألا يتجاوز الأسطر القليلة، ولا يمكن أن يتجاوز نصف الصفحة إلا في حالات نادرة، وعندئذ يجب أن توضع في ملاحق مستقلة في نهاية المقالة أو الكتاب. أما في كتب رمضان عبد التواب، فهناك العديد من النصوص المستشهد بها، حيث يزيد بعضها على نصف الصفحة، انظر كتاب "التطور اللغوي مظاهر وعلله وقوانينه" (ص 12، 14ـ 15، 62ـ 63، 79 ـ 80، 113 ـ 114... إلخ)، وفي "فصول في فقه اللغة العربية" (ص ص 76 ـ 77، 84 ـ 85، 95 ـ 96... إلخ) وفي "المدخل إلى علم اللغة ومناهج البحث اللغوي" (ص 65)... وغير ذلك.
ومن هذا النوع كثرة النصوص المستشهد بها؛ فبدلا من إيراد النصوص نفسها، يستطيع الباحث أن يلخصها ويذكر النقاط ذات العلاقة بالبحث. لكن الدكتور رمضان عبد التواب يستشهد بنصوص كثيرة يتلو بعضها بعضا، وتقتصر مهمته في كثير من الأحيان على الربط بينها بجملة أو جملتين وأحيانًا بكلمة. أما في حالات أخرى فلا يفعل حتى هذه. انظر مثلاً "التطور اللغوي: مظاهره وعلله وقوانينه" (ص ص 67 ـ 68، 87 ـ 88، 111 ـ 112... إلخ)، وفي "فصول في فقه اللغة العربية" (ص ص 71 ـ 73، 190 ـ 193، 334 ـ 335... إلخ)، وفي "المدخل إلى علم اللغة ومناهج البحث اللغوي" (ص 35، 59 ـ 60، 64، 67، 103 ـ 104، 197ـ 199...) وغير ذلك.
ولا يقتصر الإكثار من الاستشهادات الطويلة والمتتابعة على آراء المحدثين بل إن الظاهرة تتكرر فيما يخص المادة اللغوية نفسها أو فيما يخص آراء القدماء مما جعل كتبه تمتلئ بنصوص كثيرة ترهق القارئ وتجعله يخرج منها دون  حصيلة.
وكمثال على هذه الظاهرة، انظر معالجته لصوت الهمزة في "المدخل إلى علم اللغة ومناهج البحث اللغوي" (ص ص 56 ـ 58). فقد بدأ بوصف الهمزة صوتيًّا في الفقرة الأولى، وهذا الوصف مأخوذ من كتاب "مناهج البحث في اللغة" للدكتور تمام حسان (1979م ص 125) مع تغيير في بعض العبارات، ثم ينتقل في الفقرة الثانية، وهي مأخوذة أيضًا من كتاب الدكتور تمام حسان، الصفحة نفسها، إلى تبرير وصف الهمزة بأنها صوت مهموس، وفي الفقرة الثالثة يورد نصًّا من كتاب الدكتور تمام حسان حول هذه المسألة، يصدره بقوله: "ومع ذلك نجد سيبويه وغيره من القدماء، يعدون هذا الصوت مجهورا، وهو ". . . ". أما الفقرة الخامسة فيقول فيها: "والهمزة عند الدكتور أنيس صوت لا هو بالمجهور ولا بالمهموس، وهذا الرأي عند الدكتور كمال بشر هو الرأي الراجح، إذ يقول: ". . .". وبعد الانتهاء من إيراد نص كمال بشر، يعقب بقوله: "وهذا الرأي غريب، لم يرض عنه جمهرة الدارسين للأصوات، يقول الدكتور أيوب: ". . .".
وعند هذا تنتهي مناقشة صوت الهمزة دون أن يتدخل أو يوازن بين هذه الآراء، وبدلاً من ذلك يدخل في التوزيع اللهجي لظاهرة الهمز في عصور الاستشهاد موردًا خمسة نصوص لبعض اللغويين القدماء متوالية لم يفصل بينها إلاّ مرة واحدة، وذلك بين النص الأول والثاني بحوالي نصف سطر، ثم ينهي الموضوع بفقرة يناقش فيها ظاهرة تحقيق الهمزة أو تسهيلها في بعض اللهجات القديمة.
فلم يقتصر الأمر على الاكتفاء بحشد هذه الآراء حول هذا الموضوع، وإنما خرج من الموضوع كلية حين أخذ يورد النصوص القديمة عمن يحقق الهمزة ومن لا يحققها، ومثل هذا في "مناقشته" لصوت الضاد في الكتاب نفسه (ص ص 62 ـ 74).

النقل عن الآخرين دون إشارة:
كثيرًا ما ينقل الدكتور رمضان عبد التواب عن باحثين آخرين مع إغفال الإشارة إليهم ومن أمثلة ذلك ما يلي:
1ـ ففي القسم الثاني من "المدخل إلى علم اللغة ومناهج البحث اللغوي" ينقل نقلاً حرفيًّا عن كتاب "فقه اللغات السامية" الذي ترجمه هو ونشرته جامعة الرياض 1397هـ، في أكثر من خمسين موضعًا دون ذكر لذلك الكتاب، إلاَّ في حالات نادرة.
2ـ أخذ في كتابه "بحوث ومقالات في اللغة" (ص 74) أحد تعليقات أستاذه شبيتالر وهو موجود في (ص 100 هامش 4) في كتاب "العربية" ليوهان فوك الذي ادعى هو أنه ترجمه، مع تقديم وتأخير وبعض التغيير الذي لا يخفي الحقيقة.
3ـ أما في كتابه "فصول في فقه اللغة العربية" فينقل عن "فقه اللغات السامية" في اثني عشر موضعا (ص ص 25 ـ 34) دون الإشارة إلى ذلك الكتاب.
4ـ وفي "المدخل إلى علم اللغة ومناهج البحث اللغوي" يأخذ وصف الأصوات كلها من كتاب الدكتور تمام حسان "مناهج البحث في اللغة" (1979م) مع تغيير ضئيل.

إدخال شيء من بعض كتبه في بعض كتبه الأخرى:
بالإضافة إلى مناقشة بعض المواضيع في أكثر من كتاب وإيراد النصوص نفسها ينقل الدكتور رمضان عبد التواب ما يقوله في أحد كتبه إلى كتاب آخر دون تغيير، والشواهد هي ما يلي:
1ـ نقل في "المدخل إلى علم اللغة ومناهج البحث اللغوي" في أكثر من تسعة مواضع بعضًا مما قاله في مقدمته لكتاب "فقه اللغات السامية" دون أن يشير إلى ذلك.
2ـ وقد نقل ما ورد في كتابه "بحوث ومقالات في اللغة" (ص ص 166 ـ 170) من كتابه الآخر "فصول في فقه اللغة العربية" (ص ص 415 ـ 421). كما أن أكثر ما في الفصل الثاني من الباب الرابع في كتابه "بحوث ومقالات في اللغة" منقول أيضًا من كتابه "فصول في فقه اللغة العربية". فما في (ص ص 179 ـ 180) مأخوذ من (ص ص 414 ـ 415)، وما ورد في (ص ص 183 ـ 187) مأخوذ من (ص 361، 363، 366، 367، 369) وأخذ كذلك في "بحوث ومقالات في اللغة" في (ص ص 146 ـ 150) كثيرًا من الفقرات فيما بين (ص ص 286 ـ 288) من "فصول في فقه اللغة العربية".

كما أنه ينسى أن يستعمل علامتي الاقتباس في بعض هذه الحالات، فقد نقل في (ص 181) من كتاب "بحوث ومقالات في اللغة" فقرة مطولة من (ص 292) في "فصول في فقه اللغة العربية"، ومع أنه وضع هذه الفقرة بين علامتي اقتباس في "فصول في فقه اللغة العربية" حيث أشار إلى أنه أخذها من كتاب "من أسرار اللغة" للدكتور إبراهيم أنيس (ص 48)، فقد أهمل علامتي الاقتباس هنا. وكذلك الحال في الفقرة التالية لهذه الفقرة في الصفحة نفسها، وفي (ص 182) و(ص 185) في نص مأخوذ عن كتاب عبد الواحد وافي "علم اللغة" (ص 231).
ولا يقف الأمر عند إدخال بعض ما قاله في كتاب معين من كتبه في كتاب آخر، بل لقد أدخل كتابًا بكامله في كتاب آخر دون إيراد أية إشارة إلى ذلك الصنيع. ففي قائمة كتب المؤلف في نهاية كتابه "التطور اللغوي: مظاهره وعلله وقوانينه" يرد من ضمن كتب المؤلف كتاب بعنوان "المدخل إلى علم اللغة"، وقد نشرته مكتبة الخانجي بالقاهرة سنة 1980،  غير أن له كتابًا آخر هو "المدخل إلى علم اللغة ومناهج البحث فيه" الذي سلفت الإشارة إليه، وقد نشرته دار الخانجي بالقاهرة ودار الرفاعي بالرياض 1982م وهو يحتوي الكتاب الذي نشر سنة 1980م بكامله مع تغيير واحد، وهو أنه في الكتاب الذي نشر سنة 1980م  يورد وصف القدماء لبعض الأصوات مثل الهمزة والضاد والطاء والعين والجيم بعد وصف الصوت كما ينطق الآن. أما في الكتاب الذي نشر سنة 1982م فيجعل وصف القدماء لتلك الأصوات تحت عنوان "بيننا وبين القدماء في وصف بعض الأصوات" (ص ص 62 ـ 82). أما ما عدا ذلك فهو الكتاب نفسه، بل إنه لم يغير فيه بعض الأشياء الطفيفة التي لا تأخذ منه جهدًا مثل الإشارة إلى نشرته هو لكتاب "التطور النحوي" للمستشرق الألماني برجشتراسر 1982م. فالإشارات لذلك الكتاب في الكتاب الذي نشر سنة 1980م هي لكتاب برجشتراسر المطبوع سنة 1929م ، وهي كذلك في القسم الأول من "المدخل إلى علم اللغة ومناهج البحث اللغوي"، 1982م، (انظر ص 65، 72، 73، 75، 104، 145) بينما يشير في القسم الثاني من ذلك الكتاب (وهو ما أضافه في طبعة 1982م) إلى نشرته هو لكتاب برجشتراسر.

وقفات قصيرة مع بعض كتبه:
يحسن بنا وقد رأينا ما تتميز به طريقة الدكتور رمضان عبد التواب من خروج على مفاهيم المنهج العلمي في البحث، أن نقف عند بعض كتبه، لنرى تلك المآخذ ممثلة في كل واحد منها. وسيكون الكلام مكررًا لو شمل هذا الاستعراض كل كتبه، لكنه يمكن الاستغناء عن ذلك بالوقوف عند كتابين منها وهما فصول في فقه اللغة العربية والمدخل إلى علم اللغة ومناهج البحث اللغوي.

"فصول في فقه اللغة العربية":
يقول في مقدمة الطبعة الثانية لهذا الكتاب: "وتمتاز هذه الطبعة بزيادات مهمة في كل فصل من فصول الكتاب، وإفادة جمة من المصادر الجديدة التي ظهرت بعد صدور الطبعة الأولى وإعادة النظر في كثير من قضاياه في ضوء تلك المصادر" (ص 3). غير أن موازنة هذه الطبعة بالطبعة الأولى للكتاب تثبت أن هذه الدعاوى الثلاث ليست صحيحة، كما أن ما فيها من اختلاف عن الطبعة الأولى لا يتناسب أبدًا مع زيادة مراجع الكتاب في الطبعة الثانية سبعين مرجعًا عن الطبعة الأولى. فليس صحيحًا مثلاً أنه زاد في كل فصل من فصول الكتاب، فهو لم يزد حرفًا واحدًا في الفصل الثالث من الباب الأول (ص ص 64 ـ 68) ولا في الفصل الثاني من الباب الخامس (ص ص 396 ـ 412). أما في الفصل الأول من الباب الخامس ( ص ص 371 ـ 395)، فقد اقتصرت الزيادة على هامش واحد في (ص 374) من أربعة أسطر، وزيادة ما يقارب السطر في (ص 385) وهو عبارة عن جملة من اللغة الحبشية وترجمتها، ولم يزد في الفصل الثاني من الباب الأول (ص ص 50 ـ 63) إلا ثلاثة أسطر وهي اقتباس من المستشرق نولدكه  (ص 53). أما في الفصل الرابع من الباب الرابع (ص ص 358 ـ 368) فهناك زيادتان، الأولى (ص 364) وهي نص مقتبس من أسس علم اللغة لماريو باي، عبارة عن ثمانية أسطر، والثانية (ص 368) أيضًا نص مأخوذ من كتاب "التهذيب في أصول التعريب" لأحمد عيسى، مكون من ستة أسطر. أما الفصل الذي ظفر بأكبر قدر من الزيادات فهو الفصل الأول من الباب الأول؛ لكن الزيادة إما مأخوذة نصًا من كتاب "فقه اللغات السامية" (انظر ص ص 28 ـ 30) دون ذكر المصدر الذي أخذ عنه، أو أنها عبارة عن نصوص مأخوذة من مصادر يذكرها لكن عمله هنا يقتصر على التنسيق بين هذه النصوص (انظر ص ص 38 ـ 42).
وفي الفصل الأول من الباب الثاني (ص ص 76 ـ 107) عشر زيادات لكنها لا تقدم ولا تؤخر ومعظمها نصوص، وأشهر ما في هذه الزيادات يوجد في (ص ص 76 ـ 77) وهو نص طويل مترجم عن رابين في كتابه Ancient West- Arabian 1951   "اللهجات القديمة في غرب الجزيرة العربية".
وليس في الاستطراد فائدة، إذن، فالزيادات التي يذكرها كلها من هذا النوع، إما أن تكون نصوصًا أو إضافات بسيطة تحتوي على معلومات عن طبع كتاب أو ما شابه ذلك.
والخلاصة أن الزيادات التي جاء بها في هذه الطبعة ليست مهمة، ولم يفد فيها من المصادر الجديدة كما أنه لم يعد النظر في أية واحدة من قضايا الكتاب.
أما الفصل الذي زاده في هذه الطبعة وهو الفصل الثالث من الباب الخامس تحت عنوان "مشكلة تعليم العربية" (ص ص 413 ـ 425) فليس إلا خطبة حماسية تحمد له في الدفاع عن اللغة العربية الفصحى وبعض الاقتراحات لتعليمها تعليمًا صحيحًا في نظره. لكن هذا الفصل أبعد ما يكون عن المناقشة العلمية لنبرته الخطابية العالية.
أما إذا قوّم الكتاب ككل، فإن هناك مآخذ كثيرة عليه، يمكن إجمالها فيما يلي:
1ـ إن فهمه لمصطلح "فقه اللغة" ليس من المجمع عليه. فقد فرق بعض العلماء العرب المحدثين بين هذا المصطلح ومصطلح آخر هو "علم اللغة" بقصر المصطلح الأول على ". . . تحقيق المخطوطات وإعدادها للنشر العلمي وفك رموز الكتابات القديمة وكل ما يتعلق بتقديم النصوص والنقوش القديمة على نحو يمكن من القيام بأبحاث متخصصة فيها" (الدكتور محمود فهمي حجازي، "أسس علم اللغة العربية"، (1978م، ص 31). أما عند الدكتور رمضان عبد التواب فالمصطلح يضم كل الدراسات اللغوية (ص 9)، كما أنه يفرق بينه وبين "علم اللغة" تفريقًا لا معنى له، ذلك أن مفهوم علم اللغة يدخل في مفهوم فقه اللغة عنده.
لكن الدارس للكتاب يجد أن هذا الخلط بين المصطلحين قد يكون مقصودًا لأن ما في الكتاب يفتقر إلى الوحدة الموضوعية: ففيه دراسة تاريخية للغة العربية وفيه مناقشة للعلاقة بين الفصحى واللهجات، كما يشتمل على باب طويل عن المعاجم.
فتدخل المقارنة بين اللغة العربية واللغات السامية الأخرى تحت علم اللغة المقارن وهو فرع من فروع علم اللغة (وإن كان يختص بالمصطلح Philology في القرن التاسع عشر وأوائل القرن العشرين). أما دراسة العلاقة بين الفصحى واللهجات فهي من صميم اللسانيات الاجتماعية، بينما يمكن أن تكون دراسة المعاجم فرعًا يمكن أن يسمى المعجمية، ويدخل في ذلك دراسة الترادف والمشترك اللفظي والتضاد... إلخ.
غير أن هذا الخلط لا يستحق الوقوف عنده طويلاً وذلك لعدم تحديد المصطلحات التي يستعملها الدارسون العرب في هذا المجال.
أما الكتاب نفسه فيكاد يكون كتابَ إبراهيم أنيس "في اللهجات العربية" حيث يجد الموازن بين الكتابين أن كتاب فصول في فقه اللغة العربية لا يزيد عن كتاب في اللهجات العربية إلا بالباب الثالث "بين الشعر والنثر" (ص ص 157 ـ 226)، والفصل الأول والثاني من الباب الرابع (ص ص 358 ـ 368)، وبالباب الخامس (ص ص 371 ـ 425). أما الباب الثاني والباب الثالث (ص ص 25 ـ 154) والفصل الثالث من الباب الرابع (ص ص 208 ـ 257)، فلا تزيد عن أخذ كلام إبراهيم أنيس بنصه في بعض الأحيان ودسِّه بين ثنايا الزيادات المتمثلة في الاستشهادات الكثيرة بمؤلفين محدثين أو نصوص مأخوذة من كتب القدماء، وإن كان لا يخفي ادعاءه بأنه لم يسبق إلى مناقشة بعض القضايا المطروحة (انظر مثلاً، قوله، عند مناقشة ألقاب اللهجات القديمة. "وقد جمعنا ما عثرنا عليه في بطون الكتب اللغوية والأدبية، ونسقناه وعرضناه على ما توصل إليه علم اللغة الحديث من نتائج. . ." (ص 119)، ذلك مع أن إبراهيم أنيس قد ناقشها قبله وكذلك رابين وانستاس الكرملي وأحمد تيمور باشا).
أما ما زاد عن كتاب "في اللهجات العربية" في هذا الكتاب وأكثره يختص بالمعاجم والخط، فلأهل الاختصاص الحكم فيه.
والخلاصة أن هذا الكتاب من الناحية اللسانية لا جديد فيه، بل يقصر درجات عن كتاب في اللهجات العربية، وذلك لضياع الحبكة التأليفية والأصالة والجدة في الآراء والموضوعات.

المدخل إلى علم اللغة ومناهج البحث فيه:

يشير في مقدمة هذا الكتاب إلى عدد من الأمور التي يهتم بها علم اللغة، ويعقب على ذلك بأن هدف كتابه أن يكون مدخلاً إلى كل تلك القضايا اللغوية   (ص 4). ويحوي الكتاب على قسمين: القسم الأول: المدخل إلى علم اللغة (ص ص 7 ـ 177) والقسم الثاني مناهج البحث اللغوي وتطبيقات المنهج المقارن (ص ص 181 ـ 307).
وأول ملاحظة على هذا الكتاب عدم التناسب بين عدد صفحات الفصول فيه؛ فبينما يتكون الفصل الأول في القسم الأول من حوالي 94 صفحة يقتصر الفصل السادس من ذلك القسم على خمس صفحات، كما تتراوح باقي الفصول بين 21 و7 صفحات، وهذا عيب من عيوب التأليف دون شك.
والملاحظة الثانية أنه يورد عنوانًا في (ص 42) ولفظه "الأصوات الصامتة والمتحركة". وفي (ص 82) ينهي الكلام الذي ذكره تحت هذا العنوان دون أن يأتي على ذكر الأصوات المتحركة. وبدلاً من ذلك يأتي كلام آخر تحت عنوان "نظرية الفونيم والكتابة" يمتد من (ص 83 ـ 89) وهو كلام لا صلة له بأي من الأصوات الصامتة والمتحركة على مستوى الوصف.
وبعد أن ينتهي الكلام تحت هذا العنوان يأتي عنوان آخر بلفظ "أصوات العلة" (الحركات) (ص 91). ولم يبين السبب الذي دعاه إلى هذا الفعل.
الملاحظة الثالثة: الخروج عن الموضوع لأقرب مناسبة ويتمثل ذلك عند كلامه عن أصوات العلة. فقد تعرض للتفريق بين أصوات العلة القصيرة والطويلة ثم انطلق إلى معالجة الأصوات الساكنة الطويلة (ص ص 97 ـ 100) بل  تجاوز ذلك إلى الاقتراح، تبعًا لإبراهيم أنيس، على المغنيين ومؤلفي الأغاني أن يتحاشوا بعض الأصوات في أغانيهم، وهو موضوع قابل للنقاش، وخروجه هذا لا مبرر له من الناحية المنهجية، وهو يستطيع أن يعالج مثل هذه المواضيع إما منفردة أو تحت عناوين يمكن أن  تضمها مع المواضيع سالفة الذكر.
الملاحظة الرابعة كثرة النصوص المستشهد بها والاكتفاء بها عن المناقشة في بعض الأحيان، وقد تقدم الكلام على ذلك.
الملاحظة الخامسة: يبدو أنه يعتقد أن للعربية الفصحى نطقًا نموذجيًّا واحدًا لا يختلف، فهو يقول بعد أن ذكر مخارج الأصوات فيها: "هذا هو رأي المحدثين من علماء الأصوات، في مخارج أصوات العربية الفصحى مؤسسًا على نتائج التجارب الصوتية، في المعامل وغيرها" (ص 31). وكذلك عند كلامه عن النبر (ص 105) حيث يقتبس من إبراهيم أنيس المواضع التي يقع عليها النبر في الكلمة العربية. لكن اللغة العربية الفصحى ليس لها نطق موحد فنطقها يختلف باختلاف لهجة المتكلم: فينطقها العراقي نطقًا يختلف عن المصري كما ينطقها المصري نطقًا يختلف عن المغربي، وهكذا مع بقية المتكلمين. وهذا ما يقع في كل لغة (قارن نطق الإنجليزية النموذجية في بريطانيا بنطقها في أمريكا أو استراليا، بل قارن النطق الأمريكي في الشمال بنطق الولايات الجنوبية) أما قواعد النبر التي ذكرها عن إبراهيم أنيس فهي  خاصة بلهجة القاهرة، وهناك اختلاف بين هذه القواعد وبين ما يستعمل في لهجات أخرى، سواء في داخل مصر أو غيرها.
ومن هذا القبيل حكمه على صفات بعض الأصوات من حيث الجهر أو الهمس وأن الغين والخاء صوتان طَبَقيَّان وهو وصف خاطئ، وغير ذلك.
الملاحظة السادسة: وقوعه في التناقض في بعض الأحيان، فيذكر في (ص 68) أن الضاد العربية تقابل صادًا في العبرية. أما في (ص 220) فيذكر عن بروكلمان أن الظاء هي التي تحولت في العبرية إلى صاد.
وهناك مواضع كثيرة يمكن أن يناقش فيها من الناحية العلمية، لكن المجال  لا يسمح بتناولها هنا.
ولقد تقدم أن الفصل الأول من القسم الأول في هذا الكتاب معظمه مأخوذ من كتاب تمام حسان والبقية لا تزيد عن أخذ من هذا أو من ذاك بالإضافة إلى الاستشهادات الكثيرة والطويلة. أما معظم فصول القسم الثاني فهي مأخوذة من بروكلمان أو غيره، ومعظم ما بين هذين الموضعين لا جديد فيه ولا قيمة له.
وسنكتفي بما ورد هنا من وجوه الخلل في كتابات رمضان عبد التواب وسنستعرض هذه السمات فيما يكتبه بعض تلاميذه مستقبلا.

سبق الحديث عن ضرورة الالتزام بالمنهج العلمي، وأن ذلك الالتزام هو الطريق الأمثل إذا أردنا أن نخرج من الدائرة المفرغة التي يدور فيها البحث العلمي الآن، وليس الالتزام نافلة، بل شرط يجب ألا يتسامح في تجاوزه، وأن تقوم الأعمال بمدى قربها أو بعدها عنه، أما التسيب الذي نراه اليوم، فلابد من إيقافه، ولابد أن تسمى الأشياء بأسمائها، فالحق أحق  أن يتبع.

المراجع العربية :
1ـ آل ياسين، محمد حسين. الدراسات اللغوية عند العرب إلى نهاية القرن الثالث. بيروت: مكتبة الحياة، 1400هـ/ 1980م
2ـ أنيس، إبراهيم، في اللهجات العربية. القاهرة. مكتبة الأنجلو المصرية، (الطبعة الثالثة) 1966م.
3ـ أنيس، إبراهيم. في اللهجات العربية. القاهرة. مكتبة الأنجلو المصرية (الطبعة الرابعة) 1973م.
4ـ باي، ماريو، أسس علم اللغة. ترجمة أحمد مختار عمر، طرابلس 1973م.
5ـ برجشتراسر. ج، التطور النحوي للغة العربية. القاهرة، طبع بعناية محمد حمدي البكري، 1929م. وصوره المركز العربي للبحث والنشر، القاهرة، 1981م.
6ـ برجشتراسر، ج. التطور النحوي للغة العربية. أخرجه وصححه وعلق عليه رمضان عبد التواب، القاهرة والرياض: مكتبة الخانجي ودار الرفاعي،    1402هـ / 1982م.
7ـ تيمور، أحمد (باشا). لهجات العرب. القاهرة: المكتبة الثقافية، عدد 290، 1973م.
8ـ حجازي، محمود فهمي. أسس علم اللغة العربية. القاهرة: دار الثقافة للطباعة والنشر، 1978م.
9ـ حسان، تمام. مناهج البحث في اللغة. الدار البيضاء: دار الثقافة، 1400هـ  .

المراجع الأجنبية :

1. Chomsky Noam (1957). Syntactic Structures. The Hague: Mouton and Co.
2. Chomsky, N. and Morris Halle (1968). The sound Pattern of English. New York: Harper and Row.
3. Culler, Jonathan (1976). Ferdenand De Saussure. Middlesex, England: Penguin (Penguin Modern Masters).
4. De Saussere, Ferdinand (1974). Course in General Linguistics. Translated into English by Wade Baskin, Glasgo: William Collins Sons and Co.
5. Kuhn, Thomas (1972). The structure of scientific Revolutions (2nd. ed.) Chicago: The university of Chicago Press.
6. Lardner, James (1982), "T. Kuhn and the Nature of Scientific inquiry", The Washington Post, Saturday, July 31, 1982 . C. pp. 1-2.
7. Newmeyer, F. J. (1980) Linguistic theory in America, Academic Press, Inco.
8. Rabin, Chaim (1951). Ancient West -Arabian, London: Taylors Foreign Press.
9. Stampe, David (1969), “The Acquisition of Phonetic Representation", in Robert 1. Binnick, et. al.: Papers from the 5th Regional Meeting of Chicago Linguistic Society, pp. 443-454.
10. Stampe, David (1972). How I spent my last summer vacation. Unpublished Ph. D. Dissertation, University of Chicago.
11. Stamps, David (1978) A Dissertation on Natural Phonology. New York: Garland publishing Co.
*نشرت في جريدة الرياض (العدد 6041، الأحد 15/4/1405هـ، ملحق ثقافة اليوم).

Joomla Templates and Joomla Extensions by JoomlaVision.Com
Joomla Templates by Joomlashack