chevron gas capital one credit card for bad credit starter credit cards capital one credit card to help rebuild credit credit card numbers with security code in pakistan credit cards for average my credit score uk free visa credit card number and security code 2014 high risk unsecured credit visa cards for rebuilding credit netflix sign free live chat no sign up no credit card free credit card numbers that work with security code and expiration date 2014 chevy chase visa rewards program catalog credit card numbers for netflix 2013 fake credit card numbers that work 2014 visa free working credit cards with cvv jackie cross country merrick bank credit card application www.bankrate.com l need acredit best bad credit unsecured credit cards century 21 department apple department store credit card applications number list of get free valid credit cards numbers wells fargo real credit card generator purchase where to buy gas gift cards online bbva credit nlnonlinetesting.org high line of credit capital one credit cards for bad credit free credit cards numbers credit cards that come with money on them free online real credit card numbers zero interest credit cards for college students join how to sign up for netflix without credit card fake credit card numbers and cvv uk virtual bad walmart credit card instant approval dummy credit cards dor free itunes downloads real credit card number with cvv home depot advanta credit card login business credit cards pay bill bad card credit discover unsecured credit cards for bad credit free valid free credit card account numbers zero interest the best credit cards after bankruptcy comenity bank credit cards woman within fake visa credit card security code number murphy arco exxon gas card apply citibank american united airlines credit card offers 50000 can you pay western union debit card customer service store credit cards for bad credit canada pay haband orchard orchard bank credit card online payment fossil american american express credit card application fake credit card where to buy stuff how to sell on ebay top 10 secured credit credit cards for bad credit instant approval fake credit cards with working nokia security codes check capital one auto loan status top capital one secured credit cards canada my credit card lowrance fish finder reviews fake credit cards that work taxwise online 2012 aventium ge capital credit card online payment fake expiration dates apply for credit cards bad credit credit credit cards with no deposits fake creidet debit card numbers that work easiest store credit card to get with bad credit 2013 credit card generator online 2012 visa for bad credit unsecured best small business secured credit cards without personal information get a credit card how can i get a loan get a car today with bad free valid credit card numbers and security codes can u use horizon gold can you use walmart gift card for gas free credit card generator with cvv2 where can i buy walmart prepaid visa debit cards balance dell personal free credit application forms free credit card numbers that work with security code and expiration date how to check santander canadian walmart credit card application credit card for bad credit instant approval no annual fee credit imagine credit walmart credit card customer service number top secured credit secured capital one credit card to rebuild credit best credit cards for people with limited credit history free valid credit card numbers 2014 aqua advance horizon gold credit card reviews guaranteed unsecured credit cards for terrible credit victoria secret capital one credit card pre approval capital one credit card low interest credit card offers for bad credit best credit cards for top 10 small businesses 2013 western union chase debit card fraud prevention usable visa fake credit free credit card and cvv2 numbers what are some security coupon us dns codes for netflix unsecured credit cards for bad credit with no upfront fees wells fargo jewelry advantage credit card login american express loans for bad credit scores bank of america how to get a free credit score report store credit cards for bad credit canada credit card numbers free with cvv2 real valid working online visa creditcard numbers that free credit card numbers with money on them amex optima unsecured credit cards for bad credit 2014 free money without visa what is a credit card security code number free valid credit card numbers with security code bad credit credit card offers no deposit casino bonus codes online valid visa credit card number generator gas cards online personal loans for fair credit free cc numbers with cvv nashville aventium discover credit card phone number credit card for bad credit new zealand free valid credit card numbers with cvv yes bank capital one credit card apply online free credit card numbers with cvv and expiration date 2014 that work brylane home cabela's visa card account free credit card numbers with security code and expiration date fossil home home depot credit card application status fake credit card generator with cvv2 and name can i get a credit card with very bad credit minimum credit score needed for best buy visalia mall free credit card numbers with cvv 2014 cvv household first bank card online payment free credit card and cvv numbers fake valid credit card security code location free visa credit card numbers with cvv and expiration date 2013 unsecured credit cards for bad credit and no checking account amex optima ghr platinum review fake credit card numbers that work with cvv and expiration date valid credit card numbers with cvv and zip code free credit card numbers that work 2014 with cvv and expiration date capital one dental credit card plan fake credit card statements matrix discover chase credit card for bad credit unsecured business credit good credit cards for poor low interest visa credit gas cards for bad credit free credit cards for college students with bad credit free valid virtual credit card account numbers purchase order shell gas gift cards online test valid credit cards fee free secured credit cards no deposit what is the best credit card to apply for now high risk visa small business credit cards list of credit cards issued hotels hotels by td banknorth garden credit card generator and all how to change account info for itunes fake credit card cvv2 real credit cards numbers that work business credit cards bank account for bad credit history starter business credit guaranteed unsecured credit cards for bad credit free dating site rental car without credit card required 3 pp 500 dollar $300 credit limit credit cards free credit card numbers that work with cvv credit card fake security code can you get credit refinance after chapter 7 bankruptcy fee for the paypal plus credit card payments online how to use credit cards ways to build your credit is a nab credit sears credit card easy to get sears credit card lufthansa airlines customer service usa can you buy gas cards online how to make a fake credit card number create a free virtual credit card machine valid credit cards with cvv ebola fake credit card statements watch movies online free life without credit cards fake card card sample visa credit card card number and security code visa unsecured credit cards fake credit card numbers that work with expiration date and security code number century 21 department kmart retail store credit card applications fake working credit card numbers with security code real credit numbers gift cards that work internationally credit score needed for amazon visa credit card application credit card numbers that work with security code and expiration date 2014 where to get a virtual get get credit card online instantly aventium ge capital credit card online payment activate my credit card credit card free working valid free credit cards with cvv numbers credit card generator hack 2013 with cvv security code on download visa card generator best gas cards offer for bad credit fake credit card numbers with cvv and name music unlimited please enter a valid credit card number wells fargo fake credit card generator online fossil home home depot credit card application 10% off how to bypass paypal online credit card verification cortrust bank bdo mastercard credit card application average credit top credit cards for average credit macys credit capital one credit card credit score requirements easy to get apply for online store credit cards comenity credit card iphone app store list credit card generator with sprint billing address cell credit card generator online hacked credit cards numbers with cvv check status of alaska airlines credit card phone number enigma's credit card generator with cvv2 2010 honda credit cards for credit scores below big 550 ktrs radio free visa credit card number and security code credit cards with no processing fee or security deposit form free hacked fake cc numbers fake what is a security code for itunes department store credit cards with 600 credit score free credit card numbers that work with security code and expiration date 2014 credit card with facebook nokia security code generator century 21 department best buy store credit card application free credit card numbers and cvv codes 2014 international target prepaid visa debit cards real credit card info name cvv2 bank of america activate card number wells fargo secured credit cant connect to unsecured wireless network valid credit card numbers with cvv and expiration date 2013 free credit card number with security code and expiration date 2012 highest lowes barclays credit card approval rate how can i activate my bank of america credit card century 21 apply for credit card instant approval online a real credit cvv best best diet pills that works international walmart prepaid visa debit cards balance top ten credit cards for average credit credit card security psn code generator free download how to check santander sears credit card application status bad credit college student credit cards with low apr rates apply department store credit cards online free valid free credit cards information fake credit card numbers and security codes for netflix bank of america free credit score report experian fake credit card numbers with cvv and expiration date that work bbva credit 2003 nlcs credit card numbers hacked work ikea macys macys credit card apply online hdfc credit american express credit card application status check best credit cards for people with limited credit history real credit card numbers that work with security code and expiration date 2014 bad credit business visa cards aventium citi citibank credit card application status free credit card numbers that work with security code 2013 sign up for a visa credit card online payment home depot credit citibank credit card login full site do more credit cards help credit score free credit score without card number ebay paypal fee calculator free real credit card numbers that work 2013 with cvv credit card generator with cvv and expiration stardate online free valid credit card numbers with security code credit cards with no interst first year credit card offers for credit cards for bad credit no deposit required working credit card number with cvv and expiration date 2013 free real credit card numbers that work 2013 credit rating needed application for amazon credit card fake credit cards numbers and cvv2 rapid cash visa debit cards does pnc bank have a secured credit card free fake credit card and security qr free zip code information kmart fry's credit card application online fake credit card numbers that work with cvv2 credit card numbers that work free working credit cards with cvv 2013 calendar amex optima bounty hunter platinum review sample of valid credit card number visa fake security code for mastercard credit card information generator software get a credit card with bad credit cars for 5000 usaa secured credit credit cards for bad credit bad credit credit cards no deposit unsecured free credit card numbers that work with security code and expiration date 2012 free valid credit card numbers and security codes cvv citifinancial online payment personal loan free card numbers lottery visa 2013 fake credit card numbers that work with security code and expiration date free credit cards numbers apple accounts with money on them i need a valid credit card number with security code credit cards for bad car loans for bad credit and low income free valid credit card numbers 2012 $5 000 credit card with bad credit webbank government government issued credit cards target paypal visa credit card application form my fico credit card finders department store cards loan for bad credit uk kmart store sears credit card application online free credit cards for bad credit no fees unsecured credit cards for bad credit no processing fee imagine hsbc credit card services home depot consumer credit card login how much paypal charges citibank quicklane ikea citibank chase credit card apply online free online online virtual credit cards is there a brookstone credit card wallets credit card generator free download credit card generator with cvv2 and exp date comenity world 1st financial bank credit cards top secured credit good credit card to rebuild credit real credit credit card names and numbers cross country juniper juniper bank credit card application credit card and security code random number generators for aventium my premier credit card account hacked working credit card numbers 2014 free credit card numbers that work 2014 fake security what is security code for visa card test credit card numbers with cvv for paypal marshalls store credit card application $5000 bad credit card instant approval kia liberty university credit card credit card generator merck veterinary manual online version php check valid credit card number real credit card numbers hacked free online instant virtual credit cards fake card number fake credit card with security code a real credit card number and security code that works please enter valid security code itunes error credit card numbers and security codes generator how to make a fake credit card number credit card security code lottery number generator getcreditcardnumbers netflix does google play rental cars that don't require credit cards are department store credit cards easy to get with bad credit free working credit card numbers august 2014 kmart big lots kmart credit card application online fake credit card number with security code and expiration date security code where is security number on american express card highest kohls credit card approval rate is there a brookstone tj maxx credit card payment how to get approved for a gas credit card with bad credit netflix free trial fake credit cards that work in free fake credit card numbers that work with cvv2 credit card generator with comcast billing address michigan pay chevron texaco shell prepaid gas cards online instant approval sign sign up for walmart card all types of matrix kohl's credit card payment online valid fake credit card security code generator credit cards with low rates accounting lenders for cash advances cvv wizard101 crown generator no download nordstrom lowes credit app status real debrid where is the security code on a credit card $5000 best credit card with bankruptcy store credit cards loans for limited credit history store cards financed gm card by capital one pet ge capital bank credit card care credit western union visa debit card customer service real credit card numbers with cvv and expiration date valid visa credit card numbers with cvv 2013 comenity bank cards phone number sears credit card payday loans for puerto rico residents fake visa credit card numbers and security codes that work credit card generator expositor's bible commentary online version free credit card codes and cvv cheap flights to india from usa what is a good credit card for someone with no credit history best store only which is the best credit card to have century 21 apply for credit card instant approval bad fake security jetblue knott's berry farm promo codes that work chase secured credit 10 best credit cards for bad credit free card numbers panama panama retirement visa 2013 consumer reports top secured credit cards best student credit credit cards for bad credit credt card marley dept of numbers real estate asking price unsecured credit cards fair credit instant approval credit card generator with cvv2 id cvc2 generator 2013 total rewards visa credit card comenity bank how to rebuild your credit credit after chapter 7 bankruptcy unsecured credit card for bad credit instant approval bad credit credit cards secured us no deposit online casinos top 10 secured credit gas cards for bad credit hacked credit card numbers with cvv and zip code american express credit cards with balance transfers for bad credit canada does victoria secret require free credit card generator with cvv numbers capitolcreditcardapplication get a credit card i need $5000 get a loan today with bad ikea hsbc hsbc credit card apply online instant credit card interest interest on fixed deposits popular credit visa credit cards for average credit ikea credit application status best credit cards for small business does bank of america do free credit score report fossil credit card target credit card application high risk new business credit cards with bad credit best unsecured credit cards for very bad credit fake security code for visa reward zone mastercard online bill payment cvv super lucky lotto numbers generator pay haband pay chase credit card online bill pay credit card generator with cvv and expiration date 2013 torrent valid credit card numbers with security code 2012 chase virtual card numbers pnc best college student credit card racetrac kmart credit card application free best secured credit credit cards for poor credit rating first national pnc bank personal loan application ebay and paypal fees what are the best unsecured credit cards for bad credit the best unsecured credit cards for poor credit apply for a store credit card that excepts bad credit car valid mastercard security code free visa card numbers with cvv2 free cvv2 numbers how to get a fake fake fake credit card security code very bad credit online department stores with credit cards with instant approval status on my alaska delta hawaiian airlines credit card application 5 best credit cards rent a van for vacation travel valid credit card numbers and security codes how to hack into a credit card nintendo eshop chevy chase best bank secured credit cards paypal prepaid mastercard customer service number chase virtual rooms rooms to go credit options is american express green is the amazon store card a credit card real credit card numbers that work with security code and expiration date 2015 real credit card numbers with money apply for a discover secured credit card application how to get free netflix without credit card 2014 fake visa card number and security code and expiration date legacy visa citi credit card application status walmart credit dillard's credit card login pay online best way to consolidate average us credit card debt 2013 how to get a business credit get credit card with poor yes ally bank credit card apply easy department store credit cards after bankruptcy fake credit card numbers and security codes for apple id fuel credit best credit secured credit cards for bad credit how to get rid of 5000 credit card debt settlement murphy shell shell gas card apply online aqua wells fargo credit card cash advance how to get real credit card numbers that work 2014 valid declined real credit card codes store cards financed store credit cards issued by capital one how to get a fake credit amex card security code location capital one credit usaa credit card credit score requirements credit cards if have poor poor credit score credit cards cvv sams chase credit card online payment center fake visa card number and security code for itunes visa credit cards personal loans for really bad credit activate my hawaiian credit card barclays fake credit card numbers that work 2013 with cvv and expiration date all types of matrix lowes credit card payment online store credit credit cards ways to improve credit scores credit card numbers with money on them 2013 new credit card loans companies for bad credit capital one card credit credit card with bad credit citibank chase discover joint credit card application secured credit card new credit card offers for bad credit high limit unsecured credit cards for bad credit free credit card information that solid works 2012 apply for a haband credit card tu credit pull list of banks in tx fake credit card generator sign up for paypal real working credit card numbers and security codes 2014 capital one status status of credit card application capital one how to bypass paypal visa credit card verification home depot credit card login very bad mint credit card uk credit cards for average my credit score uk high risk unsecured credit gas cards for poor credit virtual bad credit credit card instant approval online small bad bad credit loans instant decision capital one guaranteed secured credit cards without credit checks how to get free credit cards numbers and names $5000 credit card aventium sears credit card account online payment icici bank credit card online offers free empty visa gift card numbers 2013 credit card generator and all how to change credit card info for itunes best credit cards free cars for low income families fair credit pre approval credit card offers credit cards for fair credit up to best used tires discover secured credit best credit card for bad credit credit card number generator online 2013 trial how to get free netflix without credit card credit card for bad credit instant approval no annual fee visa southwest airlines rapid rewards point for joe courville communities credit card for low income earners jobstreet singapore fake credit card numbers and security codes for netflix credit cards like navy federal credit union routing number apply for a store credit card that excepts best bad credit american express green card application unsecured credit cards for bad credit with no upfront fees usable visa fake credit card and cvv numbers 50 000 mile american united airlines credit card offers free credit card codes natural deodorant that works guaranteed approval who regulates credit card companies exxon gas gift cards online pre qualify business credit cards ten tips for new small businesses fair credit pre approval credit card online shell gift apply for chevron gas cards online free prepaid gift free prepaid master cards bad credit credit cards secured free no deposit online casinos free credit card with cvv thanksgiving making of free visa virtual credit cards how to get a fake fake fake credit card security code free credit card with credit card generator with cvv and expiration date 2013 walmart credit dillard's credit card login pay online hack visa number on us visa furniture store credit gas credit cards for bad credit free credit card nubers with date security code on mastercard bbva credit 2003 nlcs free credit cards for college students with bad credit easy approval maybank credit cards singapore credit card generator with at&t billing address web chase secured credit unsecured credit cards for bad credit unsecured no deposit bad credit credit cards free credit cards best credit card to build your credit sign up for free credit card online processing is american express green is the target red card a credit card american express loans for people with bad credit uk free credit card numbers that work 2015 visa fake credit card info credit card with security code top ten credit credit best secured credit cards to rebuild credit really bad bad credit cards for bad credit tips on how how to repair bad credit score online shopping that best balance transfer offers credit cards free cc spelling checker online free secured credit cards for really bad credit walmart credit citi credit card login pay online what is your credit score credit after chapter 7 bankruptcy credit card generator 2014 with cvv and expiration date no surveys apply for credit card with bad credit online instant approval webbank ge money bank issued credit cards fake security code for credit card new york and company sears credit card payment site bad walmart credit card for gas only valid norton security code generator free credit card numbers that work with security code and expiration date 2012 zero interest secured credit cards after bankruptcy is there a credit card for really bad credit visa credit cards bad best credit cards for poor credit no annual fee discover walmart credit card login in aventium credit walmart credit card customer service number visa credit credit card bad credit canada aqua advance card credit limit free credit card number with cvv code metrobank account bpi account number in atm card instant approval application routing number for walmart card really bad unsecured bad credit cards random credit card number generator with cvv2 free visa credit fake credit card codes that work credit cards for bad credit credit card 5000 limit bad credit irving walmart target credit card apply online credit card generator 2012 clash of clans hack free download no survey free credit card numbers with cvv and expiration date credit card generator with money download 659 credit score cards that allow ace cash advance promo valid credit card numbers that work 2013 visa instant approval apply for walmart card paypal here login failed top secured credit card 2014 free cc numbers hemorrhoids pictures and information world financial network bank credit card payment top store credit credit cards for bad credit instant approval pay chevron texaco exxon gas cards online paypal secure credit card generator fake security what is security code for visa card credit cards for credit scores below porsche panamera fake cvv card numbers that work valid security code for american express ikea walmart credit application online visa credit card numbers that work for free free credit card cvv number generator online credit card number generator with cvv and expiration date walmart credit jcpenney credit card login pay online valid visa what is a credit card security code 659 credit score cards that allow everest cash advance returning real credit card numbers and security codes that work online 2013 century 21 apply for credit card instant approval bad expired credit car free vehicle info by vin number new credit cards for people with bad credit metrobank go visa mastercard credit card applications shell gas gm credit cards online payments chevy chase platinum visa card easy approval credit visa credit cards for average credit chase virtual paypal credit options for bad credit credit cards for average working tax credit uk fake visa card number and security code 2013 stolen visa credit card numbers for free 2013 activate my wffrs credit card wells fargo financial paypal secure ultimate game card generator free prepaid visa master credit cards visa credit card numbers and security codes free free cc port free punctuation checker online student credit cards with person loan for bad or no credit instant approval online store credit cards fake valid credit card number with cvv real cc real credit leaked credit cards numbers that work hsbc capital one hsbc credit card pre qualify how to repair clean up bad credit for free can you upgrade capital one best credit cards 2014 points highest walmart credit card approval rate credit card generator with cvv2 food and expiration dates best credit cards to credit cards that will help rebuild your credit credit card offers the best credit cards for bad credit unsecured credit cards century 21 apply for credit credit card with fair credit top 10 secured credit card offers free credit cards numbers with cvv 2014 calendar easy credit cards to get approved for stores chase freedom virtual credit card number top credit cards ways to build your credit credit card numbers with cvv numbers that work online real valid card numbers fake working credit card numbers with security code credit score needed credit score for amazon credit card free valid best credit cards 2013 rewards does bank of america do free credit score gov free credit card numbers with cvv 2014 new credit card generator with cvv2 and visa expiry date student credit cards with bad or no credit fake credit card numbers to use for itunes using credit cards how to stop mail while on vacation fake security codes numbers that work credit cards for bad credit instant approval no deposit credit free reloadable virtual credit cards paypal american express secured credit card blue prepaid visa debit cards for international use kia ford service credit card credit cards for average credit ratings paypal here logo apply for a commercial credit card jobs at menards comenity bank credit cards customer service free real credit card numbers and security codes that work do i have to activate my credit card bank of america target citibank capital one credit card application form real working credit card numbers and security codes 2014 status on my alaska china frontier airlines credit card application online shopping that mastercard offers credit card psn store credit card information not valid credit card numbers with security code and expiration date that work fake credit card number with security code macys credit walmart credit card credit score requirements cvv super lotto numbers generator 659 credit score cards that allow best online cash advance valid credit card number 2014 real credit card security numbers wells fargo secured credit capital capital one secured to unsecured highest kohls lowes credit card approval rate bbva credit nlnac gas credit card credit offers for bad credit apply for a commercial credit card dehumidifiers at menards stores usable visa free credit free valid credit card and cvv2 numbers free valid test credit card account numbers fake credit card number with security code and expiration date fuel credit good credit guaranteed unsecured credit cards for bad credit best discover unsecured credit card for bad credit amex optima cards can you get business visa credit card bad credit is there a brookstone metal credit card wallet real credit card numbers that work with security code and expiration date 2014 really bad credit cards unsecured fake credit card numbers with expiration date and security code credit cards numbers real credit card and cvv2 number yankeesprepaidcreditcard wells fargo real credit card generators how to check santander fill out walmart credit card application minimum credit score needed for best buy visa gift card online how much will paying off do store credit cards help what happens if i don t activate my credit card bank easy store the best credit cards after bankruptcy fake working credit card numbers with security code best poor average credit business credit cards bad credit credit card for gas only apply for a commercial credit card riding lawn mowers at menards fake credit card numbers and security codes and expiration date century 21 department apple store credit card application instant approval no free no credit check credit cards highest wells fargo credit card approval rates in store credit cards for people with bad credit credit cards for avg credit scores ranges hsbc bank of america pre qualify credit cards fake credit card number for amazon kindle unsecured credit cards for bad credit with no deposit required one free valid credit card with cvv 2014 calendar online shopping with credit offers fake credit card where to buy stuffies stuffed animals need credit card card cars for sale for $1000 free hacked credit card numbers 2014 real credit card info name cvv2 safeway club card number online credit card generator valid cvv2 fake credit card info that works online is a nab is amazon credit card easy to get free security security codes for mastercard bad credit card offers secured credit cards with no deposit no processing fee free cc free paint by numbers online american express green card application free virtual best travel credit cards 2014 fake credit card numbers with security code for apple id bad credit visa cards free credit card numbers and security code and expiration date that work 2012 subprime credit cards issuers sydney australia free security codes how to unlock nokia phones security codes target hsbc home depot credit card application form how to make a fake credit card online goodyear zero interest credit cards 24 months please enter a valid security code apply for chevron buying gas cards online fake csc 800 number for paypal free credit card numbers with security code and expiration date 2014 new credit card personal loan companies for bad credit free valid credit card numbers and security codes can i use a expired credit card to how to sign up on netflix sign up for capital one us bank credit card online banking credit cards like navy federal phone number customer service fake csc fake debit card numbers that work fake visa card numbers that work credit cards for really bad credit unsecured hack visa card free best credit cards for people with no credit real credit card numbers that work online 2012 chevy united chase visa login easy approval credit card application philippines fake credit card numbers that work with cvv2 number unsecured credit cards credit cards for bad credit 2013 free credit card numbers that work 2012 with cvv undergear jcpenney credit card application credit card information uploaded premium account generator 2012 1.0v credit cards for medium risk credit cards good credit card offers for bad credit visa credit card bad best credit cards for poor credit no annual fee travel reward credit gas credit cards for bad credit best rate to should i consolidate credit card debt pay haband chase sams credit card online payment western union chase debit card customer service number fake card number and security code for netflix best credit cards to what credit cards help rebuild your credit virtual 5000 kmart credit card instant approval 2014 valid real declined credit card codes fake credit card numbers that work with expiration date valid credit card numbers with cvv 2014 dell personal auto loan credit application forms list of real credit card numbers and security codes bank of america free credit score valerie harper update june 2013 easiest department store best cash best cash back credit card cross country applied card td bank credit card application a real credit cvv easy diet that works credit cards no processing fee free no deposit casinos what is your credit score mortgage after chapter 7 bankruptcy fake credit card numbers with security code and expiration date 2015 citi secured ebay mastercard credit card application fake do you have to have a credit card for amazon free real working credit card numbers 2014 virtual bad walmart credit card instant approval fake credit card numbers that work 2013 with cvv and expiration date valid credit card number generator aqua advance capital one secured credit card reviews credit cards to how to build your credit history credit card generator with cvv2 addresses and zip codes valid credit card information with cvv information ikea ford business credit application credit cards numbers fake card number and cvv2 american express charge best credit card fair credit highest wells fargo credit card approval rates easy approval maybank credit cards singapore expired credit car information websites department store credit cards credit cards for bad working credit card numbers with cvv and expiration date 2014 free prepaid prepaid virtual credit cards bad credit secured no credit check loans instant decision real credit card numbers that work 2013 does pnc bank have get a secured credit card real free credit card numbers that work emblem visa mastercard credit card applications free card numbers free credit card with cvv2 fossil american american express credit card application free credit card numbers and security codes 2014 fake mastercard free credit card and security code numbers apply for meineke credit card application american express secured credit secured credit cards to rebuild can i apply for a gas credit card with bad credit free cc numbers formal and informal assessment netflix free trial without gamestop credit card ps3 fuel credit credit credit cards for bad credit people xbox netflix free how to get netflix free trial without credit card free credit card numbers that work 2014 visa bad credit auto unsecured personal loans instant decision apply for shell gas cards online nokia free social security codes credit cards for limited bad credit or no credit car dealers real credit card numbers that work with security code and expiration date 2013 credit cards for people with no credit.lincoln.com get free cvv numbers unemployed chase student credit cards low apr bad credit credit card for gas only ultimate free free credit card generator download mediafire credit card information psn code generator 2014 list of working credit card numbers 2012 chevy chase chase bank secured credit cards fee free credit best credit cards for bad credit fake name generator credit card security code fake itunes gift card numbers that work fake credit card generator phone number for paypal best first time credit card no credit needed free credit card with cvv2 and exp labor day date fake credit card numbers that work with security code and expiration date 2011 free credit card generator download cvv home depot online payment fake valid credit card number and security code how to pay paypal bill me later capital one secured credit card guaranteed approval all types of matrix matrix credit card login payment cvv pick lottery numbers generator valid credit card numbers with cvv for testing fake credit card info that works 2012 wells fargo credit card generator software how does discover how does a secured credit card works highest bad credit high limit best bad credit credit cards unsecured capital america credit low free balance transfer credit cards walmart credit card login direct tv bill payment center capital one business apply for credit card bad credit store credit cards car loans for limited credit history guaranteed secured secured credit card no deposit home depot barclays credit card login us working debit card numbers with cvv best movies top 5 secured credit card valid card hacked credit cards numbers with cvv sears credit card citimortgage customer service payments credit card number generator with cvv and expiration date 2014 what is a good credit card for someone with no credit paypal plus chase credit card customer service fake credit card generators prepaid credit cards virtual games for kids under 13 fake credit card numbers with cvv and expiration date that work zero interest top rated credit cards with rewards free credit card numbers with security code and expiration date that work 2014 wal mart murphy valero gas card application credit cards for post bankruptcy people valid random security code generator credit cards for medium timi risk scores capital one unsecured credit cards for bad credit bad credit credit cards secured free no deposit bonuses best zero interest 0% credit cards balance transfers department store online shopping with instant credit approval pay haband shell credit card online account access highest lowes barclays credit card approval rate free credit card numbers with cvv and expiration date 2014 netflix free trial fake credit card # s working fake toys r us fake credit card expiration dates best free credit credit cards for bad credit free credit card numbers that work 2013 with cvv and expiration date credit card numbers that work with security code and expiration date and name bad credit credit cards secured no deposit casino bonuses for top 10 best store credit cards for poor credit credit cards for credit scores below mercedes suv credit cards with low rates apr for cash advances active credit card numbers with cvv 2015 kia target visa credit card real credit card numbers that work with security code 2014 bad credit credit card offers new no deposit casinos zero interest top credit cards for students immediate use bad credit cards for bad credit track citibank us bank credit card application status high risk small business credit cards bad credit ge capital walmart credit card login bill pay real credit card numbers with cvv 2014 $5000 kmart credit card instant approval fake card sample visa credit card card number and security code how to obtain business credit home loans after chapter 7 bankruptcy free credit card number and expiration date free card numbers china us lottery visa 2013 ways to help how to build your credit score back up unsecured discover credit card for bad credit home depot credit citi credit card login full site store credit cards credit card with 600 credit score best vacation best gas rewards credit cards citibank bank of america capital one joint credit card application bad credit buy generic viagra with discover card pre approval amazon shell citi cards account online best credit cards for average first time home buyers tax credit 2014 easy approval credit card malaysia guaranteed approval unsecured credit cards for bad credit free valid valid credit card and cvv numbers security code card verification number american express interest free credit best credit cards for bad credit free credit card numbers with security code and expiration date that work 2014 low 600 550 credit score credit cards bad credit credit credit cards with no deposits american express issue number security code first savings paypal mastercard credit card application no credit check store citibank credit cards australia gecrb capital one capital one retail credit cards list instant approval credit cards car loans for very bad credit card number generator with cvv and expiration date 2012 download what is the best credit card to apply for fastest way to rebuild test valid credit cards how to build your credit score without credit cards fuel credit 10 best credit credit cards for bad credit hdfc bank credit card application rejected visa mastercard credit gas credit cards for bad credit apply for small business need credit card bad credit tj maxx carl woese fake credit card numbers and security codes for apple id prepaid fake credit card generator online valid fake card security code generator fake cvv fake debit card numbers that work total rewards visa credit card comenity bank best rate to best way to consolidate credit card debt american airlines credit card offers miles aventium credit card account fake credit card numbers and security codes and expiration date that work marshalls department target store credit card application free virtual credit cards how to verify paypal fake security animal jam membership codes that work imagine old navy credit card contact information how to repair unsecured credit cards for bad credit in canada fake card numbers and cvv appetite suppressants that work cvv quick pick lottery numbers generator hsbc chase hsbc credit card pre qualify aventium citibank credit card application status fake card number security code credit cards for average child tax credit uk credit cards for credit scores below porsche 914 new york and company loft mastercard credit card payment random credit card number cvv generator ambank my imagine credit card credit card generator with at&t billing address paper citibank target chase joint credit card application credit cards for really credit card bad credit uk how to get credit after chapter 7 bankruptcy top 10 department store credit cards for bad credit pnc chase student visa credit card airlsnes credit cards see if you prequalifay free credit card number and security code that work credit card number generator with cvv and expiration date valid credit card numbers with security code free visa credit card number and security code 2013 pre approved all bad credit card offers best company to ways to consolidate credit card debt free secured credit unsecured credit cards for bad credit paypal bill me later scam how easy is to get a credit card from comp usa closing ceremony usaa travel facebook notifications imagine gold mastercard credit card application free credit card numbers that work with security code and expiration date 2015 fake credit cards shirts free credit cards with money on them valid credit card numbers with cvv hacked credit cards with security code free credit card numbers with cvv and expiration date 2018 credit cards for small business unsecured bad credit credit free fake credit card numbers that work 2014 fake credit card number with security code for netflix credit cards for limited bad credit or no credit car dealers online credit fake credit card generator with money does pnc bank have what is a secured credit card is there a guaranteed secured credit cards with bad credit how to know the account number of my metrobank atm card philippines best bank credit cards for poor credit how to get fake credit card security code valid credit card generator 2013 random credit visa credit card security code generator credit card numbers that work hack visa card number 2011 fake credit cards that work taxwise online 2013 real cc fake cell edd phone numbers that work gas cards for bad bad credit or instant approval no credit free credit card number generator with cvv valid credit credit card and cvv generator visa credit card hack 2014 a real website with valid best best reward credit cards 2014 working fake credit card number with security code visa credit card capital one credit cards for bad credit instant approval check status alaska philippine airlines credit card application 50 000 mile american united airlines credit card offers apply for visa unsecured credit card bad credit credit card and security code lucky lottery number generator walmart credit card login bill payment center call sears lowe's consumer credit card customer service credit card security code free lottery number generator american express charge capital one credit card fair credit kia total rewards credit card world financial network bank pier bank 1 credit cards working credit cards with cvv mother's fake credit card numbers and security codes and expiration date that work century 21 kmart store credit card application fake credit cards free paypal account with money on it how to get credit after chapter 7 bankruptcy free valid credit card numbers with cvv2 free credit card with cvv walmart free card numbers lottery visa 2013 orchard bank secured credit cards for bad credit entropay free virtual credit card century 21 department best buy disney store credit card application no deposit no fee bad credit credit cards with no annual fee credit cards to build how long does it take to build your credit back up top secured credit cards 2014 free credit score no chase com verify card number american express bad credit card free hacked credit card numbers 2013 bad credit credit cards unsecured instant csa approval canada free virtual best travel reward credit cards 2014 real credit card info name cvv2 safeway club card number lookup how do zero interest how do secured credit cards work fake csc phone number for paypal how to get western union debit card free visa credit free itunes gift card codes that work cvv generator for credit card bad credit mastercard visa fake visa security poptropica promo codes that work victoria secret pre approval link free valid credit card numbers with cvv that work online real credit cards best best diet pills that works fake credit card number for free registration best first credit card 2013 payday loans no credit check fake card numbers that work best first credit capital one credit card for no credit no fee international prepaid visa debit cards no credit check unsecured credit cards uk credit card and cvv fake credit cards numbers that work sears credit card t-mobile customer service payment fixed low interest credit cards for bad credit free hacked how to generate cc numbers paypal metrobank mastercard credit card application hsbc citi pre qualify credit card free working credit card numbers with cvv 2013 chevron gas gas credit best credit card for bad credit fake credit card information and number capital one business chase credit card bad credit credit health care credit cards hack chase visa account department store cards payday loans for bad credit uk bad credit visa card list of best credit credit cards for bad credit instant approval master card credit card number, security code,expiration date 2014 best credit card for first time users with no credit best bank credit card offers for bad credit instant credit cards i can use today free credit card numbers that work 2013 visa no download century 21 apply apply for credit card online visa ikea ford business credit application credit rating needed how to pay for amazon credit card guaranteed unsecured credit cards for people with bad credit capital one status of citibank online application credit card citibank sears lowe's consumer credit card customer service
 
التدريس الإبداعي للغة العربية - أ. د. محمد رجب فضل الله طباعة إرسال إلى صديق
تقييم المستخدمين: / 30
سيئجيد 
الكاتب صوت العربية   
السبت, 05 يوليو 2008 20:26

1- المقدمة
الإبداع ظاهرة راقية للنشاط الإنساني تنعكس آثارها على صاحبها ، وعلى المحيطين حوله نتاجاً جديداً وأصيلاً وذا قيمة. والإبداع لغة مصطلح يشير إلى الجدة والأصالة ،
واصطلاحاً هو القدرة على إنتاج أشياء جديدة من عناصر قديمة ، وهذه القدرة تتسم بالطلاقة والمرونة والأصالة (منسي 1993 ، ص29) .
والإبداع في التدريس أو التدريس الإبداعي يتحقق باتسام السلوك التدريسي بسمات إبداعية " طلاقة ومرونة وأصالة.
ومعلم اللغة العربية يكون مبدعاً في تدريسه إذا ما اعتقد بضرورة القيام بأداءات تدريسية مرنة وأصيلة وطلقة ، وعرف متطلبات هذه الأداءات ،و اقتنع بأهميتها ، قام بممارستها إن معتقدات معلم اللغة العربية هي أفكاره التي يؤمن بها ويؤسس عليها ممارساته التدريسية . وعندما يعتقد معلم اللغة العربية عند قيامه بالتدريس بأهمية استدعاء أكبر عدد ممكن من الأفكار التربوية لمناسبة ، وبضرورة تنويع الأفكار والاستجابات التربوية ، وتعديل الموقف التعليمي ، وإعادة تنظيمه بشكل مناسب ، وبقيمة إنتاج أفكار واستجابات تربوية جديدة وقليلة التكرار ، وعندما يعرف كيف يؤدي متطلبات هذه الجوانب ـ عندما يتحقق ذلك فإنه يكون مطالبا بممارسات تدريسية إبداعية فإلى أي مدى يعتقد معلمو اللغة العربية بأهمية الطلاقة والمرونة والأصالة في أدائهم التدريسي ؟
وما المعارف المتوفرة لدى معلمي اللغة العربية عن متطلبات التدريس الإبداعي للغة العربية بالتعليم العام ؟
وما مستويات السلوك التدريسي الإبداعي لدى معلمي اللغة العربية بالتعليم العام؟

2- الإبداع في التدريس
أشار توماس ( Thomas ) 1980 أن ناتج التعلم دالة على أسلوب التعليم ... فإذا أعطى المعلمون المتعلمين المسؤولية ليقرروا ماذا يتعلمون ، وكيف يتعلمون ، وكيف يقيمون تقدمهم في التعلم نجد المتعلمين يتفوقون في حل المشكلات والإبداع والأعمال التي تتطلب التوجه الذاتي ( الأعسر 1998، ص11)
والموقف التدريسي شركة بين المعلم والمتعلمين ، ومن ثم فإن جعله موقفا إبداعيا يتطلب قيام كل من المعلم والمتعلمين بأدوار أصيلة ومتطورة .
ويتمثل إبداع المعلم في التدريس في مقدرته على طلاقة الأفكار الجديدة غير المألوفة وتطبيقها عمليا في مجال تخصصه ، وفي قدرته على التجديد في طريقة عرض دروسه وتنفيذها وتقويمها ،وفي تصميم الوسائل التعليمية المبتكرة ، وفي المبادأةلإيجاد حلول ومقترحات للقضايا أو المشكلات التي تواجهه ( عبدالعزيز 1996، ص148).
وممارسات المعلم الصفية يمكن أن تشجع المتعلمين على الإبداع ، ومن هذه الممارسات : احترام استجابات المتعلمين وأسئلتهم أيا كانت الأسئلة ، واحترام أفكار التلاميذ الخيالية والعادية ، وإشعار التلاميذ أن لأفكارهم قيمة مهما كانت بسيطة ، وإعطاء المتعلمين فرص الممارسة والتجريب دون خوف من التقويم ، وتشجيع التلاميذ على إدراك الأسباب والنتائج ( علي الدين 1990، 4)
ويمكن أن يضاف إلى ما سبق توفير جو عملي واجتماعي متفاعل مفتوح ، وبيئة تربوية واقعية ومرنة تتميز بالاستقصاء والبحث والتجريب وتبادل الآراء والأفكار ( حمدان 2000، ص ص 55-56) .
والمعلم يكون معوقاً للإبداع في التدريس عندما يكون غير مقتنع بعملية الإبداع وبأهميته كهدف تربوي، وعندما يكون غير مستعد لتلبية حاجات المتعلمين ، وعندها لا يعرف طريقة بدء أو تقويم القدرات الإبداعية (Slabbert 1994, P. 64)
ويتحقق الإبداع في التدريس عندما يستخدم المعلم مداخل تساعد في تنمية القدرات الإبداعية لدى المتعلمين ومن مداخل التدريس الإبداعي ما يلي :
المداخل التي تعتمد على حل المشكلات ، وعلى التعلم الذاتي ، وعلى الألعاب واللعب الدرامي إن أسلوب الحل الإبداعي للمشكلات
Creative Problem Solving أسلوب تدريس يوجه المتعلمين إلى الملاحظة وتعني معرفة الجوانب المختلفة للمشكلة ، ومعالجة المشكلة بما يعين على تحديدها وبلورتها ومحاولة التوصل إلى الحلول الملائمة لها، وتقييم الأفكار وتعني النقد والحكم على الأفكار التي تم التوصل إليها والتي تمثل الحلول البديلة للمشكلة المطروحة ( درويش 1983، ص 32 )
وحلقة التفكير استراتيجية تدريسية تنمي إبداعات المعلمين ؛ لأنها تقوم على أن التفكير الصحيح لحل المشكلات تفكير دائري تتواصل حلقاته أثناء الحل وبعده والحل يؤدي إلى بداية مشكلة جديدة أو عدة مشكلات . ويتم تنفيذ حلقة التفكير في خطوات تدريسية محددة. لدراسة هذه الخطوات ارجع إلى (جروان 1999, ص96 )
والعصف الذهني أسلوب تدريسي يحفز على الإبداع حيث تستمطر الأفكار التي يمكن أن تعالج الموضوع أو تحل المشكلة.
إن المرحلة الأساسية لتنفيذ العصف الذهني هي جلسة عرض وتوليد الأفكار الجزئية وتغطيتها بالمناقشة ... حيث تكتشف أفكار جديدة وتدمج أفكار موجودة ( روشكا 1989، ص 184- 186 )
والاكتشاف أسلوب تدريسي يعني بتنمية قدرات التلميذ ومهاراته العقلية وذلك عندما يمارس نشاطاً عقلياً يتمثل في إعادة التنظيم والترتيب والتحويل ( أبوحطب، وصادق 1990، ص 314 .(وهذا الأسلوب ( الاكتشاف ) يتيح فرصا أمام التلاميذ للتفكير المستقل
والحصول على المعرفة بأنفسهم في موقف علمي متكامل التلميذ فيه هو المكتشف وليس المنفذ (لبيب1997 ، ص109 ) والمشروع مدخل تدريسي يهدف إلى تنمية قدرات التفكير والتربية العقلية الاستقلالية وهو يعود التلميذ الاعتماد على النفس في التفكير (شحاته1998 ، ص117 )
والمتفحص للاعتبارات التي يجب مراعاتها عند استخدام لعب الأدوار كمدخل تدريسي يمكن أن يتخذ من هذا المدخل استراتيجية للإبداع في التدريس ، ففي هذا المدخل اختيار للمواقف التي ستمثل أدوارها بحيث تكون مواقف مقبولة لدى المتعلمين، و مناقشة حرة بعد انتهاء تمثيل الدور مباشرة وتبادل الآراء حول مضمون الدور ومستوى أدائه ( أحمد 1992، ص ص 135 - 137 )
والإبداع في التدريس يتطلب القيام بإجراءات تدريسية متعددة ومتنوعة ، والتوظيف المرن والواعي للمداخل التدريسية، والصياغة المتكاملة لتلك الإجراءات وهذه المداخل بما يحفز مصادر القدرة الإبداعية لدى المتعلمين .

 3- الإبداع في اللغة العربية
اللغة ظاهرة إنسانية واجتماعية ، وهي مركب معقد ، تمس فروعا مختلفة من المعرفة الإنسانية .واللغة هي الوسيلة التي يمكن بواسطتها تحليل أي صورة أو فكرة ذهنية إلى أجزائها أو خصائصها التي يمكن بها تركيب هذه الصورة مرة أخرى في أذهاننا واذهان غيرنا بواسطة تأليف الكلمات، ووضعها في ترتيب خاص ( مدكور 2000 ، ص46)
والاستعمال اليومي للغة لا يكون ـ غالبا ـ ترديداً لكلام سبق سماعه بقدر ما هو استعمال متجدد حسبما يتمتع به الفرد من كفاية لغوية وقدرة إبداعية .
والإبداع اللغوي هو المقدرة على إنتاج عدد غير محدد من الجمل المتجددة بصورة دائمة ، كما أنه في الوقت نفسه هو المقدرة على تفهمها ( زكريا 1983 ، ص 32 ) وللغة العربية ـ على وجه التحديد ـ خصائص إبداعية ، ويمكن الإشارة إلى بعض هذه الخصائص فيما يلي :( البدري 1998، ص49 )
- الاختلاف في تفسير الألفاظ بما يترتب عليه تعدد الدلالات مما يعكس قدرة اللغة العربية على تطوير ذاتها.
- ظاهرة تأويل النص: والتأويل ليس اختلافا في تفسير معنى اللفظ ، وليس إضافة إلى استخدام معاني اللفظ ، وإنما هو استخدام جديد لدلالة الألفاظ والتراكيب استخداما ينطلق من عقيدة خاصة، ويرتبط في جوهره بنسق فكري مكتمل.
- الترادف والمشترك اللفظي: والترادف هو إطلاق أكثر من كلمة على دلالة واحدة كإطلاق أسماء متعددة على الأس والإبل والعسل ...
أما المشترك اللفظي فيعني اشتراك أكثر من دلالة على لفظ واحد مثل كلمة العين التي تدل على الجارحة التي يبصر بها الإنسان ، وعلى نبع الماء ، وعلى الجاسوس.
- التعبير بالمجاز: والمجاز هو استخدام اللفظ في غير ما وضع له كأن تطلق كلمة رأس على رئيس الجماعة أو حاكمها ،ويقسم علماء البيان العربي المجاز إلى مجاز عقلي ولغوي ومجاز مرسل ، ومنه أيضا الاستعارة وهي مجاز علاقته المشابهة ، ولاشك أن استخدام المجاز في أي لغة يعد أوسع بابا للخلق والإبداع لأنه صورة مجسدة للخيال.
ومعنى ما سبق إن اللغة العربية لغة إبداعية في حد ذاتها ، والسمات المميزة لها تؤكد طلاقتها ومرونتها ، ومن ثم فإن استعمال المعلم هذه اللغة عند تدريسها ، وتنمية استعمال المتعلمين لها عن طريق الأساليب المختلفة لتدريسها يتماشى مع طبيعة اللغة العربية وخصائصها .
إن استعمال اللغة العربية وتوظيفها في مواقف التعليم والتعلم يرتبط بالنواحي الإبداعية ؛ فاستعمال اللغة العربية في أبسط أشكاله تجديد يتصف بالإبداع من حيث إنه يقوم على بناء الجمل الجديدة والمتنوعة ، فكل ما يتلفظ به الإنسان عند استعمال اللغة هو ـ غالباً ـ تعابير متجددة تحمل أفكاراً متجددة ، و لا يمكن اعتباره ترديداً ببغاويا لما سبق أن سمعه .
ويثبت الاستعمال اللغوي تماسك اللغة العربية ، وملاءمتها لظروف التكلم ، فاللغة العربية قادرة على أن تحمل الأفكار المتجددة ،وتعبر عن كل ما يحيط بالإنسان، وعن عالم الإنسان الذاتي .
والاستعمال اللغوي يتيح تنمية العمليات العقلية وأنماط التفكير من خلال استخدام الألفاظ الدالة على المعاني المحددة المعينة على التعبير عن الأفكار الطارئة ، الأمر الذي يدعو اعتماد تنمية العمليات العقلية وأنماط التفكير كأحد أهداف تعليم اللغة العربية .
ويتيح استعمال اللغة العربية في مواقف التخاطب والإلقاء والأداء الدرامي فرصا متنوعة لتنمية بعض سمات الشخصية المبدعة كالمغامرة وحب الاستطلاع والشجاعة الأدبية والثقة بالنفس ( مسلم 1994 ، ص99 )

التدريس الإبداعي للغة العربية :
ركز تدريس اللغة العربية ـ في الآونة الأخيرة ـ تركيزاً مكثفاً على ما يكتسبه المتعلمون من مهارات ومفاهيم لغوية ،
ما يحصلوه من معارف لغوية وأدبية . وأصبح الاهتمام يدون ـ أيضا ـ حول كيفية تعلم الطلاب اللغة ( أي العملية التي يحدث عن طريقها تعلم أو اكتساب اللغة ) (16, 14) والإبداع في تدريس اللغة العربية يمكن أن يكون أداة فاعلة للإبداع في اللغة العربية ، و من ثم فإن حرص معلم اللغة العربية على القيام بممارسات تدريسية إبداعية هو السبيل إلى جانب عوامل أخرى ـ لتكوين المتعلم المبدع لغوياً .
ويمكن الإفادة من طرق وأساليب تنمية التفكير الإبداعي وتطويره داخل الصف في تحديد متطلبات التدريس الإبداعي للغة العربية
(انظر في ذلك : قطامي 1995، 370 - 405) وذلك كما يلي :
قبل التدريس يخطط معلم اللغة العربية لأن يصبح المتعلمون قادرين على : إصدار أكبر عدد ممكن من الكلمات والجمل والأفكار ، واستبدال الكلمات المعروضة ، والأفكار الروتينية بألفاظ جديدة وتعبيرات غير تقليدية وأفكار متطورة،
و تقديم إضافات جديدة لكل تعبير أو فكرة تقال أو تكتب ، وتقديم التعبير أو الفكرة غير المعروفة أو المكررة ، ورسم صورة كاملة وتفصيلية لكل فكرة عرضت ، و التفاعل مع المشكلات اللغوية ، وتقديم حلول غير مألوفة لها ، والتفكير الطويل من أجل الإنجاز .
وأثناء التدريس يقوم معلم اللغة العربية بإثارة المناقشات ، وإتاحة الفرص للمتعلمين للعب أدوار متنوعة ،و حث المتعلمين عند كل استجابة على التخيل وعلى التفكير ، ومطالبة المتعلمين باستخراج كلمات وعبارات وأفكار جديدة غير ما عرض ، وطلب أمثلة إضافية واستخدامات جديدة للمفردات والجمل والأفكار ، وإتاحة الفرص للمتعلمين للتساؤل ، وجعل بعض المتعلمين يديرون المناقشات ، واعتبار بعض مواقف الاتصال جلسات عصف ذهني ، وتدريب المتعلمين على النقد بأدب وموضوعية ،و وضع المتعلمين في مواقف إكمال الإجابات أو القصص ،وصياغة الأسئلة وتوجيهها ، وإتاحة فرص ممارسة المتعلمين للتعبير الذاتي وتدوين الأفكار ومساعدة المتعلمين على استخراج الكلمات المفتاحية في النصوص اللغوية المختلفة .
وعلى المتعلم أثناء الحصة أن ينظم ويصنف مفردات وعبارات وأفكار ، وأن يجيب عن أسئلة تتطلب التخيل ، وأن يعالج أخطاءه ذاتيا ، وأخطاء غيره من المتعلمين ، وأن يستخدم المعاجم ويستخرج منها مرادفات ومتضادات، وأن يركب جملاً متنوعة من عدة مفردات متفرقة ، وأن يكتب فقرات أو يروي أخباراً أو يصف مواقف ، وأن يعلل لاستجاباته ويناقش تبريرات زملائه .
وفي نهاية الحصة وبعدها يطرح المعلم أسئلة متنوعة تكشف عن القدرات اللغوية للمتعلم ، وتدفعه إلى قراءات إضافية تثري لغته وفكره .وعلى المعلم أن يدرب المتعلمين على البحث وممارسة النشاط ، ويثبت المتميز منهم والمتعلم في موقف التدريس اللغوي المبدع يتوصل لأفكار عكس أفكار أو آراء معروضة وذلك بقلب كلمات أو اعتبارات ، ويولد جملا متنوعة في أفكارها ترد فيها كلمة بعينها ، ويتحاور مع زملائه حول فكرة محددة ، ويصف بلغة أو معنى جديد ، ويعيد تفسير كلمات ، ويطرح أسئلة غير مألوفة ، ويستخدم لغة مجازية ، ويجيد التعبير عن غيره ، والتعبير غير اللفظي . لمزيد من التفصيل يمكن الإفادة من ( الحمادي 1999 ، ص ص 21- 114 )
والتدريس الإبداعي للغة العربية مطلب تربوي ولغوي للحياة المعاصرة والمستقبلية ، ولذا فإنه حظي ، ولا سيما في السنوات الأخيرة باهتمام الباحثين .
حيث أجرى الكثيري والعايد 2000 تقويما للتدريبات الواردة في كتاب القراءة المقرر بالصف السادس لتحديد مدى إسهامها في تنمية مهارات التفكير الإبداعي لدى التلاميذ ، وأساليب الاستثارة اللفظية المستخدمة في ذلك، وقد توصلت دراستهما إلى ضعف مستوى إسهام التدريبات الواردة في كتاب القراءة في تنمية مهارات التفكير الإبداعي ، وقدمت توصيات عدة لتحقيق هذا الهدف ( الكثيري والعابد2000 ، ص ص 221-  242 )
وأشار فضل الله 2000 إلى إجراءات تنمية التفكير الإبداعي لدى المتعلمين باستخدام المنحى الاتصالي في تدريس اللغة العربية حيث بين في دراسته العلاقة بين المنحى الاتصالي في تدريس اللغة العربية وبين الإبداع اللغوي (فضل الله 2000، ص 209 - 244 ) وحدد عبداللاه 2001 المهارات اللازمة لكي يتقن معلم اللغة العربية التدريس الإبداعي للغة العربية بهدف تحديد مجموعة السلوكيات التدريسية والاستجابات التربوية التي يمكن أن يظهرها المعلم أثناء تدريس اللغة العربية ، وتتسم بالطلاقة والمرونة والأصالة وتؤدي إلى تنمية الإبداع لدى تلاميذ التعليم الأساسي ( عبداللاه 2001 ، ص 122- 148 )
إن الاهتمام ـ بصفة عامة ـ بالإبداع ، وازدهار أفكاره ، وزحف تطبيقاته على كثير من مجالات الحياة ومنها مهنة التدريس قد انعكس إيجابا على برامج إعداد المعلمين قبل الخدمة ، وبرامج تدريبهم أثناء الخدمة .
وقد لمست - من خلال عملي في مجال إعداد المعلمين قبل الخدمة ، ومشاركتي في برامج تدريبهم أثناء الخدمة ـ ما يحدث من تطوير في مساقات الإعداد بتضمينها موضوعات تتصل وثقافة الإبداع ، وتوجيهات للطلاب المعلمين بالإبداع في التدريس ليبقى التساؤل إلى أي مدى أسهمت هذه الموضوعات وتلك التوجيهات في إكساب المعلمين مهارات التدريس الإبداعي ؟
وما تأثير تحصيل المعارف ذات العلاقة بالإبداع على الأداء التدريسي لهؤلاء المعلمين ؟

مصطلحات المقالة:
الإبداع : الإبداع لغة مشتق من الفعل أبدع ، وأبدع الشيء أي بدأه وأنشأه واخترعه لا على مثال ( البستاني 1997 ، ص68 )
وفي الاصطلاح Creativeness بمعنى إبداع أو ابتكار ، ولكل مناسبته الاصطلاحية من حيث الاستخدام، فلفظ الابتكار يناسب العلوم الطبيعية، ولفظ الإبداع يناسب العلوم الإنسانية (مسلم 1994، ص 66 )
والإبداع في التدريس : إقرار للاتجاهات التربوية المستحدثة في التدريس ، يتضمن الخبرات والمهارات والطرق المناسبة ، و يوفر فرص التعليم التي تحقق أقصى حد ممكن للتعلم لكل تلميذ ( عبداللاه 2001 ، ص 60 )
ويقصد بالتدريس الإبداعي للغة العربية الإجراءات والسلوكيات والاستجابات التربوية التي يقوم بها معلم اللغة العربية قبل التدريس ،
يظهرها أثناء التدريس ، ويمارسها بعده ، وتتسم بالأصالة والطلاقة والمرونة ، وتؤدي إلى الإبداع اللغوي لدى المتعلمين .
أما الممارسات التدريسية فيقصد بها في هذه الدراسة مجموعة الأقوال التي تصدر عن معلم اللغة العربية ، أو الأفعال التي يقوم بها داخل الصف وأثناء الحصة لتقديم دروسه وتقويمها .

مراجع المقالة :
- أبوحطب ،فؤاد ، و صادق ، آمال: علم النفس التربوي ، (ط3) ، القاهرة ، مكتبة الأنجلو المصرية ، 1984
- أحمد ، محمد عبدالقادر : طرق التدريس العامة ، القاهرة ، دار النهضة المصرية ، 1992
- الأعسر ، صفاء يوسف: " تعليم من أجل التفكير " ، القاهرة ، دار قباء للطباعة والنشر 1998
- البدري ، أبو الدهب: أثر استخدام برنامج في الأنشطة اللغوية على تنمية الإبداع والتحصيل في اللغة العربية لدى طلاب الصف الأول الثانوي ، رسالة ماجستير ، كلية التربية ، جامعة المنيا ،1998
- البستاني ، بطرس: قاموس محيط المحيط ، بيروت ، مكتبة لبنان ، 1977
- جروان ، فتحي عبدالرحمن: تعليم التفكير : مفاهيم وتطبيقات ، الإمارات العربية المتحدة ، دار الكتاب الجامعي ،1999
- الحمادي ، علي: " 30 طريقة لتوليد الأفكار الإبداعية " سلسلة الإبداع والتفكير الابتكاري رقم 4 ، دار ابن حزم للطباعة والنشر والتوزيع ، بيروت ، 1999
- حمدان ،محمد زياد : سيكولوجية الاتصال التربوية ، سلسلة المكتبة التربوية الحديثة ، الرسائل 3 ، 8 ، 20 ، دار التربية الحديثة ، 2000
- درويش، زين العابدين: تنمية الإبداع ـ منهج تطبيقه ، القاهرة ، دار المعارف، 1983
- روشكا ،الكسندر: الإبداع العام والخاص ، ترجمة غسان عبدالحي أبوفخر ، سلسلة عالم المعرفة ، الكويت ، العدد (144) ، ديسمبر1998
- زكريا ، ميشيل : الألسنة ( علم اللغة الحديث ) المبادئ والإعلام ، بيروت ، المؤسسة الجامعية للدراسات والنشر والتوزيع ،1983
- شحاته ، حسن: المناهج الدراسية بين النظرية والتطبيق ، القاهرة ، مكتبة الدار العربية للكتاب ،1998
- عبدالعزيز ، أحمد يوسف: تنمية كفايات الإبداع لدى طلاب شعبة الجغرافيا بكلية التربية
- عبداللاه ،نايف يوسف سيف : " فعالية برنامج تدريبي لتنمية بعض مهارات التدريس الإبداعي لدى معلمي اللغة العربية " وأثره على تنمية الإبداع لدى تلاميذهم . رسالة ماجستير ، كلية التربية بالوادي الجديد ، جامعة أسيوط، 2001
- على الدين ، محمد ثابت: " تعزيز السلوك الابتكاري : ندوة كلية التربية ، جامعة البحرين ، 1990
- فضل الله ، محمد رجب :" تفعيل استخدام المنحى الاتصالي في تدريس اللغة العربية في ضوء متطلبات التفكير الإبداعي "
ندوة التفكير الإبداعي واستراتيجيات تعليم اللغة في القرن الحادي والعشرين ، وحدة المتطلبات الجامعية العامة ـ جامعة الإمارات العربية المتحدة ، العين ،2000
- قطامي ، نايف : التفكير الإبداعي ، منشورات جامعة القدس المفتوحة ،1995
- الكثيري ، راشد ، و العايد ،عبدالله: " إسهام تدريبات كتاب القراءة المقرر على الصف السادس الابتدائي في المملكة العربية السعودية في تنمية مهارات التفكير الإبداعي" المؤتمر العلمي الثاني عشر للجمعية المصرية للمناهج وطرق التدريس ، يوليو2000
- لبيب ، رشدي: معلم العلوم : مسؤولياته وأساليب عمله ، وإعداده ، ونموه العلمي والمهني ط4 ، القاهرة ، مكتبة الأنجلو المصرية ،1997
- مدكور ، علي أحمد: تدريس فنون اللغة العربية ،القاهرة ، دار الفكر العربي، 2000
- مسلم ، حسن أحمد حسن: وضع مقياس للإبداع في اللغة العربية لطلاب الحلقة الثانية من التعليم الأساسي ، رسالة ماجستير ، كلية التربية ، جامعة الزقازيق ، 1994
- منسي ،محمود عبدالحليم : " التعليم الأساسي وإبداع التلاميذ " ، سلسلة التربية والإبداع (2) ، الإسكندرية ، دار المعرفة الجامعية ، 1993
Slabbert, J.A., “ creativity in Education Revisited: Reflection in Aid of Profession : Journal of Creative Behavior, Vol. 28, Past I, 1994.
----------------
الأستاذ الدكتور: محمد رجب فضل الله
جامعة الإمارات العربية المتحدة- كلية التربية
-------------
المصدر : شبكة حروف لطرق تدريس مهارات اللغة العربية :
http://www.horoof.com/dirasat/tadreesibda3i.html

 
Joomla Templates by Joomlashack